The system of pitches used by an instrument or in a piece of music, or the practice of adjusting the pitches that instruments or voices produce to be in accordance with the chosen system.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

15
votes
5answers
1k views

Trumpet low C♯ and D

Most trumpets' low C♯ and D are too low, and need correcting by pulling the 1st of 3rd valve. My first understanding was that the distance between tones in the lower register is larger than between ...
69
votes
7answers
5k views

Why is the guitar tuned like it is?

Why is there that funny tuning kink between the G and B string on a guitar in standard tuning? I.e., the (musical) gap between the rest of the adjoining strings is 5 frets (or a perfect fourth), but ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

Why does the orchestra tune to the oboe?

Most of the time, an orchestra will tune to the oboe. Why is that? What is the next instrument if, for some reason, there are no oboes?
22
votes
8answers
4k views

Why Is Just Intonation Impractical?

I've read about the debate of "just intonation" vs 12-tone equal temperament. And nowhere it was clearly stated why just intonation is impractical. Here are my assumptions. Please let me know if I am ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Dealing with over sensitive tuning knobs

I currently play a classical guitar that I have borrowed, and it has some tuning issues that I have never really had to deal with before. The intonation seems fine action is also okay. Also, once I ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

If Irish button accordions are typically B/C how and why are they often played in D or G?

On choosing a two-row button accordion... B/C is the usual choice for Irish music (players use both rows in order to play mainly in D or G, but the instrument is almost chromatic). Is this ...
5
votes
3answers
298 views

What are some practical tips to easily change tunings on stage?

I realize this requires having multiple guitars. I'm personally aiming to use 3 different and diverse tunings for my band, but my bassist seems to differ. Obviously I'm gonna buy more guitars. :) He ...
18
votes
13answers
14k views

Why is dropped D tuning used so often?

Many metal/rock songs use dropped D tuning. What reasons are there for it?
4
votes
3answers
76 views

Difficulty tuning with strobe tuner

I recently started using Peterson’s iStroboSoft strobe tuner app to tune my guitars, and I'm running into a couple of common problems, especially when tuning my Fender Standard Precision Bass. I’ll ...
6
votes
4answers
123 views

Is there a “preferred” tuning note for woodwinds?

Okay, so we learned here that orchestras tune to A, and that one reason they do that is because A is an open string on your typical orchestral string instruments. We also learned here that wind bands ...
19
votes
2answers
960 views

Why is A4 the standard pitch reference for tuning?

Why do musicians use concert A, the A above middle C, as the standard pitch reference for tuning? Various national and international standards define the frequency of this note. For example, ISO 16 ...
11
votes
6answers
674 views

Tuning a tuning fork?

I just purchased a new 440 Hz tuning fork. But several different computer, iPad and iPhone tuners say it's almost half a percent sharp (around 442) of Concert A. Is there any way to adjust the ...
12
votes
2answers
962 views

Why do wind bands use a concert Bb for tuning?

Back when I was part of my school's wind band, we used to always tune to a concert Bb. Why do wind bands tune to a Bb rather than an A (as discussed here)? I recall our director once vaguely ...
7
votes
1answer
136 views

Why is 16/9 used for the minor seventh instead of 7/4?

Does the 16/9 sound less dissonant than 7/4 (less uncomfortable) due to consisting of only the 3rd undertone (squared), or the 7/4 would sound "better" (I know, it's quite subjective what sounds good ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

Can a tuner help to tune my violin in perfect fifths?

I have always used a tuner to tune my violin, but have noticed that the strings are not in perfect fifths (I'm a complete beginner, and I understand perfect fifths to mean that if I play E using my ...
12
votes
1answer
349 views

Why does plucked and bowed string of violin produces slightly different pitches?

I know that when plucked as in pizzicato, the violin produces a muted sound. However, I was surprised to find out when I checked with my tuner that if I tune my violin by plucking, it seems somewhat ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

How much do piano tuning lessons usually cost? [closed]

How much do lessons about tuning pianos cost? What aspects of the course would change the price of the course? In particular, I'm considering an online course where 5 students are grouped with each ...
5
votes
5answers
931 views

Are smartphone tuner apps reliable?

I play the violin, and have always tuned using a smartphone app. Today I came across this specialised (to a certain extent) electronic tuner, which got me wondering: How reliable are smartphone tuner ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

How does a piano go out of tune?

I haven't tuned my upright acoustic piano for one, maybe two, years. I'm inept, so I can't tell if it's out of tune, but a friend recommended me to get a tune-up at least once a year. My question ...
13
votes
1answer
179 views

Should the dominant-seventh chord in just intonation use 9:5 for its seventh, or rather 16:9?

It may be just out of habit, what with the 12-edo temperament all around us, but anyway: I find the dominant-seventh rendition 20:25:30:36 sounds extremely harsh. In particular, the tritone from the ...
9
votes
2answers
88 views

Harp Tuning Tendencies

I am a flutist and I will be playing flute in a harp ensemble. Is there anything I should know concerning tuning issues with harps while playing. Are there certain notes or octaves that are prone to ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Beginner Guitar Tuning [closed]

I am just starting out playing the acoustic guitar and I know the basic strings go EADGBE but when I am tuning my guitar it says D is C no matter how I tune it. This may be a really obvious question ...
4
votes
2answers
107 views

Problems with 8 string guitar tuning?

I just recently bought an 8 string. I have tried every tuning I have read or watched videos on. For some reason my f# sounds to loose and there is a lot of rattle on the guitar?all the other strings ...
10
votes
5answers
940 views

Which chords are recommended for checking guitar tuning?

Notwithstanding innate intonation issues, just versus equal temperament, and a variety of tuning methods, I would like to ask what other guitarists use as their "check chords". That is, what chords do ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

When tuning a guitar, should you always end with tightening the string rather than loosening it?

I used to have a guitar teacher that said you should always finish tuning each string by tightening/sharpening the string. So for example if the top E is a little sharp, you should turn the peg to ...
16
votes
7answers
2k views

Why are guitars strung low-to-high?

Why not the high E at the top and the low E bottom? I haven't even heard of an alternate tuning that's similar. Is there a reason for this?
14
votes
7answers
2k views

How do I properly stretch my newly strung strings?

I came across this string stretcher device. It's called The Stretcha. It claims to properly and evenly stretch new strings and maintain tuning. I never really made a point to properly stretch ...
17
votes
3answers
580 views

Why are pianos traditionally tuned “out of tune” at the extremes?

My understanding is that the vast majority of western music uses equal temperament, i.e. all semitones have a frequency ratio of the 12th root of 2. However I can hear in my piano that the notes at ...
2
votes
3answers
121 views

How to calculate the size of a xylophone bar according to its pitch

I am new to StackExchange, and I have a question about a school project I'm working on involving constructing an instrument. I am building a xylophone-glockenspiel-mash kind of thing, but I wanted to ...
37
votes
4answers
4k views

How long would it take to learn to tune a piano?

I have a piano that is out of tune, and I know tuning pianos properly is complicated enough to have it's own profession. But I think it would be interesting to have a go myself, for fun. But is this ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Is there a tuner for drums similar to what they have for guitar [closed]

I have an electronic drum set at home , which i would like it to sound as much as the acoustic drums I can adjust the sound of the electronic drum by pressing the "+" & "-" buttons on the ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Should I tune to one octave or the average of two?

I recently ran into a little conundrum while playing in the pit orchestra for my high school's musical - if I got my soprano saxophone in tune on the written middle C, the upper-register C would be ...
29
votes
9answers
6k views

Why are orchestras tuned differently?

In 1936 American Standards Association (and the International Organization for Standardization in 1955) accepted that A would be tuned at 440 Hz (or cycles per second). Yet despite the fact that a ...
5
votes
1answer
379 views

What numbers (on my tuner) to tune my guitar to

Like on my electronic tuner I Have C3 C4 C5 E3 E4 etc so what numbers on notes am I supposed to tune my guitar too, I keep breaking,and loosening my strings ._.
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Rocktuner CT2 problem

I have a problem with a piece of equipment I have. I've found in the old locker this tuner, and wanted to tune my guitar with it. But after I do that, I find that my guitar is 2-3 pitches higher than ...
6
votes
3answers
475 views

How to Tune a 10-hole Harmonica?

My harmonica went out of tune, what should I do? Do i need to dissemble it for tuning?
6
votes
4answers
367 views

Memorising the fretboard when using dropped tunings? [duplicate]

I'm trying to memorise the notes on the fretboard so that I can more easily apply some of the chordal and scale theory I've been learning, but I downtune quite a lot (half-step down, whole step down, ...
10
votes
7answers
1k views

What are the various methods of tuning the guitar?

This is not a question as much as it is a discussion. I am curious to know what are the different techniques to tune the guitar (using standard tuning) given you know that one string is in tune. I ...
7
votes
3answers
508 views

Understanding a digital tuner

I've the exact same tuner from this video only the brand name changes. I am new to guitars, I am trying to tune(standard tuning) an ESP M-50 with it(can I?). I plug the guitar cable to the tuner input ...
7
votes
3answers
643 views

How to tune open strings of the violin with a tuner?

I'm using this app to tune my violin, it supports many temperament options. What I want to do is tune the A string to 440Hz first, then comparing the other strings sympathetically to the adjacent ...
28
votes
10answers
2k views

Software that allows playing in different temperaments

Do you know of any software out there that will allow me to play in different musical temperaments (e.g. Well temperament and Meantone temperament)? I'm especially interested in software that accepts ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

How does the tuning differ between a concert and soprano ukulele?

I am getting a new concert ukulele and I was wondering whether the tuning is different for a concert? is it still GCEA? or is there a better sounding tuning than soprano standard?
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How does the Buzz Feiten tuning system work?

I understand the general idea of compensated nuts to produce more variance in the string lengths, and thus better intonation over a wider range of fretting positions, but the Buzz Feiten system I see ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

How should I tune a guitar with a Floyd Rose tremolo?

A number of my guitars have a Floyd Rose tremolo system with the locking nuts near the headstock. How can I effectively tune a guitar that has a Floyd Rose locking tremolo?
7
votes
2answers
211 views

How can I play my new tenor recorder (a'=440) along with someone playing a harpsichord (a'=415)?

From an article I read online, I believe I've understood that it's possible to treat the middle C (fingers covering all holes) on the tenor as if it were a D flat, and all higher notes on the ...
15
votes
6answers
4k views

How to accurately intonate a 3 saddle telecaster?

I have a traditional 3 saddle telecaster bridge. With two strings on each saddle my intonation is always a slight compromise. This is OK on the first four strings, but the bass strings are noticeably ...
9
votes
4answers
386 views

Why does tab have CGCGCE instead of normal EADGBE?

I'm pretty new to learning guitar music. I've heard some great songs that I would like to learn on my own, and mostly I've been able to read the tabs. I just came upon a tab that looks like this: ...
5
votes
2answers
388 views

Guitar string not in tune with itself

I have a knock-off telecaster made by Stadium. The strings on it refuse to be in tune with themselves (the G and B strings especially). I hooked it up to a tuner and tested the intonation. The G ...
18
votes
3answers
528 views

Poor quality guitars that don't tune

So since I got it at a discount price, I noticed this Yamaha I have won't tune properly. Specifically if I tune the strings to a perfect EADGBE (using a good digital tuner), then I cross check the ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Banjolele: retune GDAE -> GCEA

I've bought a tenor banjo-uke (GDAE) as a present for person, who is playing on ukulele. Problem is that I've found there is a different tunning (ukulele is GCEA) and he would have to learn from ...