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Every composer writes whatever the heck he wants. Ultimately we have to try to get into his head and FEEL what he wanted. However, I will give you my knee-jerk reaction to these terms when I come across them while sight-reading in an ensemble situation. I tend to think of rallentando as not particularly subtle. Ritardando could be subtle or it could be ...


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Oxford Dictionary of Music gives the following help. RITARDARDE, RITARDANDO, RITARDATO (It.) 'To hold back.' 'Holding back' Held back.' (gradually, ie the same as as Rallentando.) ALLARGANDO (It.) 'Enlarging', ie getting slower and slower and fuller in tone. Source THE OXFORD COMPANION TO MUSIC 10TH EDITION.


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Ritardando and ralletando both mean gradually getting slower and according to my AB guide to music theory book they are both supposed to imply a gradual slowing down. And allargando means broadening, implying getting a little slower and probably also a little louder. execution does change in some cases there is no doubt. Because one of the pitfalls with ...


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I will make the suggestion that your problem here is not the instrumentation, but the low skill level of the instrumentalists. Arranging for low-level band is a complete art and specialization in and of itself. Unless every one of your players is a prodigy, there is likely to be a very limited set of rhythms, and even notes that you will be able write for ...


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As the poster above me mentioned, Rimsky-Korsakov's book is a great resource, along with Kent Kennan's Technique of Orchestration, and Samuel Adler. There's many orchestration books out there, and be sure to do some research on voice leading and counterpoint. Watch some videos showcasing each instruments' ranges, timbres, and qualities. Also, get yourself ...


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You don't need to play an instrument in order to write for it. After all, the vast majority of people don't play every orchestral instrument (at least not well; music ed majors typically have to learn a bit of everything but they're not expected to achieve anything close to mastery). It's just important that you know how every instrument works so that you ...


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Amateur pop composer thoughts: the augmented tonic gives a method of moving to the relative minor (vi) with an "ascending" (and chromatic) feel. As opposed to using, for example, the iii chord, which feels kinda "descending". Good example is Frank Loesser's "Inchworm".


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Play the C minor (harmonic) scale and form chords (i.e. tonic, supertonic, etc) and discover that it's your Mediant (3rd note) - hence they can work very much in minor compositions but they work more as modulations helping to resolve within the notes/chord tones. Alternatively, you can push deeper a whole tone ahead or a sub dominant.


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Which brings me to my question, how DO you write successive, non-functional chord progressions like chromatic ascending/descending bass? You write them using pencil and paper, sometimes a computer, sometimes just in your head, sometimes as you play an instrument. I believe your real question is how do you create successive non-functional ...


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The whole purpose of a progression is to move from one harmonic entity to another. If you want to approach this by the non-functioning-harmony-way you would have to look at the building pieces of chords which are the intervals. Every chord you build, even the most wild one, consists of some intervals built upon a fundamental tone. (For example a C major ...


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You obviously know a lot about theory, but always be aware that theory is someone's attempt to explain what has happened. None of this theory has passed into 'law', so it's still 'theoretical'. Before the theories, folks were writing and playing music. It stood or fell on its own merits. O.k. some of it was way before its time, so was not accepted when it ...


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To add to all the very good answers - consider reading a treatise on orchestration in your spare time. Ravel's and Stravinskij's are public domain, as is Rimskij-Korsakov's: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/33900/33900-h/33900-h.htm I realize how absurdly wacky this sounds, especially since it's not exactly a light read, but in there are exposed some ...



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