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1

The only limit to how many p or f is the technical proficiency of the musicians. It must be made clear that dynamics in themselves do not mean anything. They are references to each other. A piano is a piano only in reference to dynamics in their very piece. Better ensembles and musicians will be able to actually make differences between a ff and a fff, or ...


1

Needs to be noted that it's all relative. Each instrument will have its own dynamic spectrum, so a piccolo won't have the same 'p' or 'f' as say, a trumpet. Also the auditorium must play a part in this. A small hall will surely give 'f' a different no. of decibels from a large one. And there seems to be no actual figures for 'p', 'f' etc. Once some ...


1

I know it as usual that fff means as loud as possible and ppp is as quiet as possible Those two are the maximum in every direction i know as usual. For the most cases this should be enough. For listeners 8 volumelevels (ppp, pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff, fff) is hard to differentiate, but for the players it can also be hard to play it the same every time. ...


3

I would actually expect that having more levels simply means that you're expected to recognize the relative differences between different segments of the piece being played, thus allowing you to play the song more closely to how the original composer intended. Example: if you had pp, mp, ff and fffff you would probably play those parts somewhat differently ...


4

Giovanni Gabrielli started it all with just two: piano and forte. Before long, there were also pp (pianissimo, "softest") and ff (fortissimo, "loudest"). Beethoven used fff if I recall correctly, but few composers used more than 2 of each. I know that Tchaikovsky's sixth symphony has ffffff and ppppppp. (Most conductors substitute a bass clarinet for ...


2

There are no consistent technical specifications attached to the various numbers of letters. Thus, any number of letters can theoretically be used by the composer. However, it is important to remember that any more than three or possibly four starts to get extremely difficult to read at all quickly. Also, they are not set to a concrete Db level, but the ...


7

I've seen ppp, pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff, fff used commonly giving you 8 levels. ffff and pppp seem pretty rare. There's also no standard for EXACTLY how loud each of these are. Eh, it's the arts. Whattayagonnado ?


2

There is no limit, but for any normal performance pp to ff would be all you need. A p itself means quiet and an f itself means loud. When you add another p or f to each it technically adds "very" in front of each. Examples: pp - very soft ff - very loud ppp - very, very soft fff - very, very loud pppp - very, very, very soft ffff - very, very, very loud ...



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