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18

In classical theory, the necessity or lack thereof of a particular chord member is generally determined by the note's tendency to lead to another note. That tendency comes most often from the interval of an augmented fourth or diminished fifth. Enharmonically, those intervals are the same, but in context, they are not, and they resolve differently. In a ...


12

The technical term for the scale seems to be the Minor "Gypsy" Scale and it is also known as the Flamenco Mode. The basic idea is it is a combination of two Phrygian Dominant tetrachords, or a Phrygian Dominant with a Major 7th scale degree. Here are the links that show both scales match the pattern above and includes the root scale of it the Phrygian ...


12

Well, first of all, a unison is an interval ; as such, it makes sense to want to designate is, as you would do with any concept. Especially as it is used in real life. You sometime play with other people. In an orchestra, for example, chords are usually played across several parts. Several parts could very well be playing the same note in a chord, and you ...


11

Well, a musical chord is by definition a collection of two or more notes sounding simultaneously. So, mathematically, in the usually used 12-tone pitch system of Western/pop/jazz music, there are 2^11 - 1 = 2047 different possible combinations of pitch classes modulo transposition (2^11 is the number of ways additional tones can be added once you fix a root ...


10

Sure, chords can contain major and minor thirds at the same time! We see 'em all the time in jazz. I call it a major-minor chord (which however is quite different from a major-minor seventh chord). It's also called a mixed-third chord. In jazz chords you will also sometimes see it notated as a ♯9 instead of as a ♭3, though that implies a slightly different ...


9

There is exactly one note that is a diminished 3rd above Db: Fb. Db to Eb is not a diminished third, it is a major second. Those comments are wrong. This question explains the difference between two enharmonically equivalent notes.


9

In classical Western music theory, each diatonic scale contains seven notes, and each of the notes must be assigned a different note name. (So one also does not write CX for the D in the C major scale.) In non-equal temperament, C# and Db may in fact be two different pitches, and a diatonic scale that contains a C must not also contain a C#. In more ...


9

A major triad does not contain "a minor third followed by a major third" and a minor triad does not contain "a major third followed by a major third". A major triad contains the root, major third, fifth. A minor triad contains the root, minor third, fifth. Or, counting in semitones: Major triad: root, root + 4, root + 7 Minor triad: root, root + 3, ...


7

Other, better music theory people than me should give their opinion on this, but here's my thought: In certain cases, the proper name of a chord can depend on its function in the chord progression where you find it. In other words, a certain group of notes in a certain voicing in one key and chord progression would properly be named differently if found in ...


7

What I am going to write below is just simple jazz harmony fundamentals, and should naturally be considered as school stuff ! You have to understand the role of each voice in a chord, to define what should be played, and what can be omitted. Mandatory voices The root note defines the root of the chord, and must be played globally. I mean, if you have a ...


6

A chord does not have to be made up of thirds. A chord is by definition two or more notes heard as if sounded simultaneously. Not all chords have three notes either. There are dyads (two notes), triads (three), tetrachords (four), pentachords (five), and hexachords (six). There's no limit on the number of notes, and also, by definition, there's no limits on ...


6

An article by Joe Monzo at http://tonalsoft.com/enc/s/savart.aspx defines the savart as 1/300 of an octave. A savart is calculated as the 300th root of 2, or 2(1/300), with a ratio of approximately 1:1.002313162. It is an irrational number. A savart has an interval size of approximately 4 cents. savart = 1000log10(f2/f1) cents = 1200log2(f2/f1)


6

Personally, I prefer to call this aural skills phenomenon "absolute pitch," (AP) and only make use of the name "perfect pitch" when the level of skill is indeed at that point where it can not be distinguished from perfection. I was recently told that I should not always rely on my memory because it doesn't show as much "talent" as it would with a tuning ...


6

Maqam Suzidil (not a very Western name, but if you try to understand Turkish music, this might get you somewhere) says this and some other sites. Looks like they (Arabic, Persian, Turkish) have an interesting way of classifying the scales by decomposing them into (usually) tetrachords which all have their own "personality". I didn't explore this much but ...


6

I really think the answer to this question has most to do with how music is composed. Tonal composers are not really thinking at all about the math behind the intervals; they're thinking about the sounds. Another way of looking at this is that all tonal music is scale-based, and when playing a scale from bottom to top you number the notes starting from 1. ...


5

Flash cards can be an effective method. You can make up a few dozen cards with different intervals, with multiples of each interval starting on different notes and so on. On the back you can have the name of the interval or something like that. Then you'd play/name the top card, flip it and confirm, play/name the next card, flip it and confirm, and so on. ...


5

The aim of tuning an instrument is to make the instrument be in tune, and not "being impressive". Use whatever works - but try to be sure it actually is in tune. A pitch pipe and a tuning fork are both sources of a reference pitch, and neither is better or more "impressive" than the other. I think I would personally prefer a tuning fork, because in my ...


4

Supplemental note to the other answers: Chords are "vertical" but sometimes music is "horizontal". For example, play this and hold for 4 beats: C F A C F Now play this C E G C F Hold for two beats and then move the high F to E. That is a "suspension". The first chord you played was an F major chord (IV, the subdominant of C). The second ...


4

I can think of at least one example where I encountered a C and C# conjoined. In Béla Bartók's Nine Little Piano Pieces, you'll find them in the Menuetto from measure 10 on. It would be natural to find more of these in Bartók, especially the pieces using polytonality. Other composers using polytonality like Stravinsky should also have them. So, look for ...


4

I think you've made a good start (and the other answers here are very good, too). But I think the heart of the issue is in a different place. For chords naming, the interval between each note and the "root" is of primary importance; but for chord building you must also consider how each note relates to all the others. So relative intervals become very ...


4

Three ear-training exercises that will be beneficial whether you intend to study pop or classical music: Key: Find the key of a piece. This is the note often referred to as "1", "do", or sometimes "the home note". Solfege: Next, try to determine what other pitches (the pitches of the melody, for example, or the bass line) are, relative to do. Use solfege ...


4

Fux does allow them in counterpoint. As I pointed out in one of my comments, confusion comes from voice-relationships: A minor-sixth is of course allowable between two voices because it is an imperfect consonant interval. A minor-sixth is not allowable within the same voice because it is a leap greater than a perfect-fifth and is therefore inexcusable ...


4

On the violin we often double-stop the same note twice, for example playing an open string A whilst simultaneously playing the same pitch on the D string (typically with a fourth or second finger.) But obviously on a piano things are different. However there are still practical reasons to play the same note with different fingers on the piano as these ...


4

The difference is in the spelling. The tritone (augmented 4th (A4)/ diminish 5th(d5)) is named in the context it is analysed in. The notes of G7 in order are G, B, D, and F. G to B is a Major 3rd (M3), G to D is a Perfect 5th (P5), and G to F is a minor 7th (m7). We analyse the G as the root note everything is based on the distance from G to the other ...


3

Well, sure. As a chord is simply any number of notes defined in terms of their interval from a "root" note, a chord can have any two or more semitones in it. A lot of contemporary composers such as Eric Whitacre play around a lot with dissonant intervals and "cluster chords" involving minor-second intervals like C/C#. More realistically, it would be rare to ...


3

It depends. It always depends. But the bassist is playing the root and fifth, so I've heard that dropping them in favor of the third and seventh (and ninth, and six, or whatver) is something I've heard suggested. This analysis of Freddie Green's style shows that he's hitting two notes, and one is muted to be mostly there, but that's in the Count Basie ...


3

In equal temperament it can be either, depending on the context. If you're writing a descending D#-minor triad it's a minor third. If you're writing a descending harmonic G-minor scale it's an augmented second. You should actually write it as F#-Eb then although it will sound just the same on a piano, for example. But even pianists may play the interval ...


3

This is a great question, and one that is logical. Yes, technically, major and minor triads are indeed built that way and can be thought-of as such. They can also be built and thought-of in the way slim described in his answer as well. Interestingly enough, I would say that the majority of factors that influence how we perceive major and minor chords ...


3

Notes cannot be diatonic and chromatic simultaneously. This is like asking if a cat can also simultaneously be a dog. Since this does not occur (with the notable exception of Catdog,) the same may also be said for music theory. Diatonic refers to pitches within a scale - such as a major / minor scale Chromatic refers to all 12 chromatic pitches If you ...


3

Let's think of a the C major scale. What note do you start on? You would start on a C. Would it make sense to call it the first note of the scale or the zeroth note of a scale? Most people would call that the first note of a scale as do musicians. That is why a D would be a second away because it is the second scale degree and then E is a 3rd away because it ...



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