A group of musicians improvising together with little or no predefined arrangement or structure.

A jam session is where a group of musicians improvise together (i.e. "jamming") for practice, performance, and/or social purposes. With a sufficiently skilful group, there may be no prior agreement of structure or arrangement. However, it is also common to base the improvisation (to a certain extent) on an existing song or chord progression.

Musicians will often take it in turns to play a solo, while others provide background accompaniment. A session will sometimes have a leader or coordinator who indicates who is to play a solo at what time.

Jamming is not necessarily limited to a specific style or genre of music, although it is most common in styles such as jazz, blues, and rock.

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