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24

The best-written summary I could find of this was on Wikipedia. Technical preliminaries (you can skip this if you don't care) All chordophones (musical instruments based on vibrating strings) can be analyzed using the same physics model of a string under tension that is fixed on both ends. The model is slightly simplified and differs from reality in two ...


22

They are actually eighth note triplets instead of eighth notes. The alternative notation to this would be to group the eighth notes and rests in threes and put a 3 over them like a standard triplet, but it's easy enough to see that you are fitting 12 equally spaced notes in a measure which end up being eighth note triplets which would kind of screw up the ...


19

The eighth notes in the left hand are all triplets. The ones in the right hand are normal. Note how the note heads line up vertically in measure 4. On a purely technical level, this is incorrect notation. But it's something that can be figured out pretty easily, so I guess Liszt either didn't care or wrote it like that for artistic reasons.


15

String diameter and scale length and tension are all factors, but you are overlooking an entirely different dimension to your question. Frets. A guitar string has a fixed length, but have you noticed the frets? When you stop a string against a fret, you are then temporarily creating a shorter speaking string length. So one string on a guitar can be stopped ...


12

In support of the other answers here, I have re-notated this passage in your example to emphasize the triplets. This is the exact same passage of music (unless I have made a typo or two) but using extra symbols to make it more explicit. Note that in measure 4 you are required to play "two against three": your right hand is in a duple rhythm while your left ...


11

Early pianos started out with the existing range of harpsichords, having between four and five octaves, usually starting at low C. This stands to reason, because Bartolomeo Cristofori, generally credited with being the inventor of the piano, was an expert harpsichord maker. By the time of Mozart, the range had standardized to five octaves, starting with ...


8

To amplify Dom's reply, it is indeed a D♯. What is going on here is that Mozart is using an augmented sixth chord (specifically the French sixth) that is being used as dominant preparation. Normally how a French sixth works is that the upper notes form V7 of V (with a missing fifth), while the bass falls a half step from ♭6 to 5. It is a variant of the ...


8

It's a D# because it's functioning as a D#. In the three measures you can see the line goes E -> D# -> E. It's acting much more leading tone like than 7th like as if it were truly an F7 the next note would either be the same or resolve down. The fact the harmony could be interpreted as an F7 is kind of a moot point as the next measure lands squarely on Am ...


8

The pitch that a string produces is determined by the frequency of the vibration of the string. In other words how fast is it vibrating. The rate of vibration of a string when it is plucked or struck is dependant on several factors. The tension of the string is only one of the things that will affect the frequency. A string placed under higher tension ...


7

Keyboard player's stage presence is much like the drummer's situation. Better than that, keyboard player can be standing and vision of audience is not covered by metal sticks and discs spread all around, worse than that usually audience cannot see what or how a keyboard player plays the instrument. So body language should compensate for that. For better ...


6

There is no need to strengthen your R5 for this passage. It's not a question of force, but of control. This is a piano passage, so what you should so is reduce the energy in the three remaining notes. Then the highest note will automatically sound accented. But even if you did have to increase force on the highest note, you wouldn't do it with an isolated ...


6

When the piano was invented it did not have 88 keys and did not start on A. As composers such as Beethoven starting composing music that demanded a wider range of available notes, piano makers of the day responded by building piano's with an expanded range. The precursor of the piano was the harpsichord which was not the first keyboard (the organ was ...


5

Don't do it. The cost of the new strings alone will be more than the price for a second hand piano in reasonable condition. A piano of that age is most likely simply worn out. Even if you manage to make it playable, it most likely won't be very usable compared to a modern instrument. For instance, if the piano is old enough to be built on a wooden frame ...


5

Ordinarily, I'd say this is simply a "laissez vibrer" instruction (playing a chord, releasing your fingers but sustaining it with the pedal). But the unconnected quaver head in the 10th bar is definitely a misprint, so that lowers my confidence in the entire score - the slurs might also be misprints (maybe an entire chord is missing?).


4

Generally, the right hand plays the notes on the upper staff and the left hand the notes on the lower. Clefs are usually chosen to reduce the number of ledger lines. This should work well in your example.


4

Both length and tension work together to create pitch. Note that the strings on a guitar are all approximately the same length and tension,but the bottom is about 4/5 times the diameter of the top string. On any string instrument, it's important that each string is about the same tension as the others, so that becomes static to a degree. So the two variables ...


3

Whilst a lot of scales and their arpeggios have similar fingerings, this doesn't. As in r.h. scale starts with finger 2, whereas r.h. arp. starts with thumb. Any scale or arp. will have recommended fingerings, but I recommend you find your own, based on the practicality of playing. A lot of the fingering is logical, as in don't use thumb on a black key if a ...


3

This looks like a variation of "stride piano", where bass notes are rhythmically alternated with chords some distance away. Idiomatic stride piano is usually pretty technical due to the sheer velocity of playing -- you'd want to look up Fats Waller and Art Tatum as early pioneers of the style,and more recently people like McCoy Tyner and Hiromi Uehara have ...


3

I am a Registered Piano Technician with the Piano Technicians Guild. https://www.ptg.org/scripts/4disapi.dll/4DCGI/directory/RPT/persondetail.html?Action=DirectoryDetail&PersID_W=9674&MenuKey=Menu27 It is unlikely that you need to replace all of the strings, unless many are broken. Even then you can tune it under standard pitch to reduce the risk ...


3

Some chord sequences to explore starting with Emaj7, these may help you to start to develop a vocabulary of sequences that work: Emaj7 - E6 - F#m7 - F#m+6 Emaj7 - F#m7 - G#m7 - F#m7 Emaj7 - Fdim - F#m7 - Gdim - E/G# - G#/F# - C#m/E Emaj7 - C#m7 - Amaj7 - E/G# - A/C# - B/D# - C#/F - Fdim - F#m7 Emaj7 - Amaj7 - B - C#m - A - B/F# - E Obviously this is not ...


3

The fact that a piano can go down to low "A" depended entirely upon the railroad and shipbuilding industries of the 1800s. It had little to do with the wishful thinking of artistic considerations. Read on and I will explain. I had so many comments to make that I decided I needed to add another answer. @RockinCowboy cited one lone source that implied that ...


3

Playing with a metronome can be a challenge but can help tremendously with achieving proper timing when playing a musical piece as well as refining your ability to maintain the overall tempo throughout the song. I find that the digital metronomes that allow you to choose from a large number of different beats where you can have the accent beat where it ...


3

It's often not a bad idea to check whether or not IMSLP has an autograph for a piece in the public domain, or failing that, to check other editions. In this case, IMSLP has a holograph manuscript which shows the point of the crescendo distinctly to the left of the second chord. I would play the second chord somewhat louder than the first, and break right ...


3

I'm going to jump in with a startling admonition ... you've made the wrong choice! Learn the scale first :-) And here is WHY ... Western harmony is scale based and chords are triads, or tertian chords, based on the scales. In addition, the naming of chords generally (but not always) refers to the scale (e.g "C6", "CMaj7", etc.). Now, this might seem a ...


3

You can try 60 Top Hat Piano Grooves. It has 60 different grooves in all different styles including Jazz, Latin, pop and rock. You must be a pretty advanced player to play some of the grooves, it is all in music notation and explained using videos, very useful if you know how to read well.


2

One of the other answers gives a mixture of traditional ornaments like trill and mordent along with "passing tones." It's a nice list, but "passing tones" are only one type of "non-chord tone" (NCT) and I think a fuller list of NCT's should be given: Passing Tones Neighbor Note Suspension Anticipation Appoggiatura Escape tone Cambiata (or changing tones) ...


2

I highly doubt you can do this without being a piano technician. Piano technicians have a long education (starting with working in a piano factory for multiple years) and they charge a lot of money for such extensive repairs - if the cost is any indicator for the difficulty and the duration of the task, you being both less skilled and slower would be quite ...


2

You better get more definite explanations for the "need to spray it". If it's infested with woodworms, chances are that not only will your investments bear no relation to how usable (if at all) the instrument will be afterwards, but you might want to keep it away from any cabinets or wooden structures of your house.


2

One's hands are always placed over the notes one is going to play. Otherwise one's fingers won't reach!! So, in this case, both hands are further to the right than usual, as the tune is written higher than normal, shown by two treble clefs. The theory is that it's easier to read than looking at lots of ledger lines. Don't think there's a specific term for ...


2

Keep in mind that you're looking for a melodic phrase with that second note, that imitates the melodic phrase in the first note in the earlier passage. So there are some deeper subtleties than just playing all the accented notes equally. You need to keep some form of primary accent on the first note, and a secondary one on the third note, as in any ...



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