The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument with a history of many centuries. There are different sizes of recorders used in a recorder family (garklein, sopranino, soprano, alto, tenor, bass, great bass, contrabass, subcontra bass, and double-contra bass), but the soprano recorder (also known as the descant recorder) is the most common type in North America. The alto (also known as the treble recorder) is the most common recorder in Europe.
All common recorders are pitched in either F or C. Older recorders and specialty recorders can be found in different keys, however. These include D, Bb, G, and Eb.
Recorders are often used as beginner instruments for children, but there is a large repertoire of serious classical music using the recorder from the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque style periods. Important composers of classical repertoire include Telemann, Vivaldi, and Jacob van Eyck.
This tag should be used for questions about the recorder or the recorder family. This can include recorder construction, technique, repair, maintenance, mechanics, practice, history, and more.
The recorder is a fippled end-blown open flute from the woodwind family with an internal duct and fingerholes. The Hornbostel-Sachs classification number is
421.221.12. It is closely related to the tin whistle. Recorders, dependant on the model type, typically have a range of 2 octaves and a second. However, a quality recorder in the hands of a proficient player can have a range of up to 2 octaves and a fifth. However, normal written range rarely exceeds 2 octaves and a second.
Note: use the two above tags for questions specific to their respective recorder