Relative pitch is the ability of a person to identify or re-create a given musical note by comparing it to a reference note and identifying the interval between those two notes.

Relative pitch implies some or all of the following abilities:

  • Determine the distance of a musical note from a set point of reference, e.g. "three octaves above middle C"
  • Identify the intervals between given tones, regardless of their relation to concert pitch (A = 440 Hz)

  • the skill is used by musicians to correctly sing / play a melody or chords and interpret musical notation. Alternatively, the same skill allows someone to hear a melody for the first time and name the notes relative to some known reference pitch.

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