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1

If one wants to use staff association as a strong hand indication while retaining rhythmically helpful grouping, one can use notation like the following:


0

These chords are known as slash chords or hybrid chords. For example: C/B, where C is the chord and B is the bass note. From Jazzology: With a diagonal line, the symbol above refers to a chords while the one below to a bass note only. Note that when there is a horizontal line, it refers to a different thing (polychord). A slash chord might sound ...


3

Here's an example of what you want -- a set of foot pedals designed precisely for this purpose. It works via Bluetooth, wirelessly. AirTurn I know several gigging jazz musicians who have their fake books and charts as PDF files on iPads, and use the AirTurn to flip pages with a tap of the foot while they are playing their instruments. There are numerous ...


1

As Carl Witthoft said, you can find some USB foot-pedals, I've never tried them, but it exists. But usually, what I do is putting all my sheets as images, not PDFs, and putting them on a PowerPoint presentation. Then, you just have to define how much time it takes to play one sheet and launch the presentation. Positive point : Free and automatic. Negative ...


-1

Flageolet. You touch the string lightly at the one-octave mark instead of pressing it to the fingerboard, and the string will give sort of a slightly hoarse octave when bowed correctly. Your description is not good enough to guess what the d is about: is appears to be a flageolet as well, but it's hard to guess where. Flageolets can be played one octave ...


1

The small circle indicates a natural harmonic. The D should be played on the D-string by lightly touching the string halfway up with your left hand and bowing as normal. Same thing for the A except on the A-string. The sound is purer than that created when you press your finger all the way down, but the pitch is the same. Obviously, vibrato is impossible.


-1

When someone uses one note from another scale for a small part of a song, that's called an accidental. D# in the key of A minor indicates a few other scales (Hungarian minor, Ukrainian Dorian, etc.) but he probably only cared about the effect of the D#, since it leads very nicely to the E. The most common scale with a D# or # fourth is Lydian, but that's ...


27

It is common to use notes that are not in the scale to add color. It's called chromaticism, from the ancient Greek word for color. Think how composers use a G# instead of a G in A minor, for example as a part of an E chord. A semitone creates more tension and the tendency of G# to resolve to (go to) A is more powerful. This is called a chromatic approach ...


7

Yes, Ludwig started the Blues. Only kidding, but that note may be considered as part of a secondary dominant. The dominant of A minor is E, maj. or min. The dominant of that is B, with a D#. That's one way to look at it. Another is to say one is not just restricted to writing the notes that are only found in the original key. That's actually quite ...


5

The D# could have been a D as well, but a half-step difference creates stronger tension, which is exactly what the composer was (presumably) going for. The same thing often appears in chord schemes, as explained in Tim's answer to a question that I asked a while ago. As to your second question: indeed, E and D# are easier to tell apart (and easier to note ...


3

MusicTeX is deprecated and no longer maintained. You probably mean MusixTeX. I'm reasonably acquainted with TeX (to the degree that Donald Knuth considerably simplified an example in the "Dirty Tricks" appendix of the TeXbook according to my suggestions) and do not use it. MusixTeX is not a way to represent music but rather for piecing together musical ...


0

Technology can be your friend for problems like this. If your keyboard has a transpose function, you are writing your compositions with a keyboard and if your computer and composition program take MIDI input, then: You could write your compositions in C on the keyboard to take advantage of clearly seeing which notes are diatonic (the white keys) and which ...



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