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The only time I would not tune up from below is if the string had been tuned way too high already for whatever reason. In that case, after you tune the string down, it will tend to creep up a bit afterwards because of material memory. Tuning it from above will help counteract this effect. That said, this is only really applicable to certain materials- ...


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I find the strings ALWAYS higher, never lower, dilatation due to variation of humidity should work both ways, not always higher. The only guess I can make is that when I augment the tension of the string, because of friction on the bridge, some tension remain accumulated in the part of the string between the tuning peg and the bridge, and then that tension ...


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You notice more on a guitar that when you pluck the string the pitch will slowly decline as it fades.Not enough for you to notice if you had not been told . A violin bow will keep the pitch steady as the bow activates the string .


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Anything can inspire creation of mathematical systems expressed in music. However, whether the connection is actually less tenuous than any kind of voodoo is a different question. In the manner you pose the question, I don't think that it can be answered positively with an approach reasonably called justifiable. One obvious problem here is that Fourier ...


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William Sethares, creator of "xenotality" and "exotonality," wrote a book called Tuning, Timbre, Spectrum, Scale. According to Dave Benson in Music: A Mathematical Offering p. 490: The basic thesis of this book is the idea, first put forward by John Pierce, that the harmonic spectrum or timbre of an instrument determines the most appropriate scales ...


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You want A=440hz if playing modern (post baroque) music; usually A=435 hz if playing baroque or earlier in or close to its original period intonations. Whether to use the 2/3 relationship also depends upon which intonation system is being used and which key. Pythagorean tuning at 2:3 resonance is "equal temperment" - which should NOT be used if doing ...


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Not exactly a replacement, as the tuning, although equivalent in terms of pitch class, is an octave below that of the madolin or fiddle (or violin, for that matter). But since the size of the instrument makes it possible to tune it in fiths, as explained by Scott in his answer, it makes of course all the sense to tune it in a way that can be immediatly ...


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It's probably, as you suggest, an ergonomic reason: larger stringed instruments in general tend to have smaller intervals between the strings, because that makes scales easier to reach with the fingers. Smaller instruments (such as the tenor banjo) can afford to have larger intervals between the strings, which gives the instrument a greater range for the ...


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The bass waltzes composed by Dragonetti have a lot of paired notes that go from 1st to 4th finger across strings to minimize shifting. The same can be said for the 6 Vivaldi sonatas and Benedetto Marcello sonatas. It seems that composers in that period took into account the tuning in 4ths and made pieces that fascilitated the playing to bassists. (I'm aware ...


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If you only think about the fixed frequency instruments, just intonation is not good for the instrument construction, there is good examples for the guitar above. There will be technical difficulties with a piano and other instruments too. But for continuous variation pitch instruments, the just intonation will have more natural sounding. There is a good ...


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Are you sure the bridge is rightly positioned? Banjo intonation can some times be tricky, requiring the bridge to be positioned in a slightly oblique orientation to allow proper intonation of both the low and high strings. Try the harmonics at the octave fret in both the treble and bass D strings (1 and 4 counting upwards) making sure they give the same ...


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If, by the 4th D string, you mean the lowest string of the banjo (there is some confusion about the numbering of banjo strings), then it's most likely that the string is at fault- it's probably not wound heavily enough. Are you sure it's the right kind of string?



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