I've noticed on Edson Lopes pieces he highlights (I think) certain phrases. Not sure what he is trying to tell us when he puts a section between these arrows. Notice arrow pointing left and down, then right and down. I never ran into these arrows before. Here's an example from his transcription of Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 565.

Edson Lopes transcription mm. 16-23

  • It would be helpful to know what piece this is. Being able to listen to it or look at an original score (this is a Bach transcription, yes?) might be illuminating.
    – Aaron
    Sep 20, 2020 at 1:30
  • @OwainEvans to the rescue!
    – Aaron
    Sep 20, 2020 at 2:59
  • @Aaron Just lucky Edson Lopes has a youTube channel and an IMSPL page with scores but even just the D minor to E minor transposition (and for guitar) does make the so popular piece much less recognisable.
    – user70304
    Sep 20, 2020 at 3:35
  • 1
    @CarlWitthoft No. I can READ! But in all seriousness, I'd put bar 19 32nds and bar 21 32nds down stem and just get rid of those rests to make it more readable.
    – user70304
    Sep 22, 2020 at 0:51

1 Answer 1


Based on their placement in the score, they appear to mark phrase boundaries. Note that they come in pairs: e.g., m. 18 has a leftward mark and m. 19 has a rightward mark. Similarly mm. 21-22.

As @OldBrixtonian points out, these marked passages are played like cadenzas, with some rhythmic freedom, which can be heard in this recording (thanks to @OwainEvans):

  • I'd love to hear this on a guitar! It looks to me as if the arrows surround libero, cadenza-like passages. I'm surprised there's no footnote explaining them. Sep 20, 2020 at 2:17
  • @OldBrixtonian Agreed about the candenzas. Hopefully the OP posts an original. I left that out of my answer until there was a way to confirm.
    – Aaron
    Sep 20, 2020 at 2:23
  • You mean the original organ version? Yes, some edition might mark those passages. I don't think Bach would have done. Maybe a guitarist will show up and tell us what they are. Sep 20, 2020 at 2:31
  • Thanks for granting my wish :-) I thought you KNEW what the piece was BTW. Sep 20, 2020 at 10:52
  • @OldBrixtonian I confess to being a bit chagrined at not recognizing it immediately. Owain Evans found the YouTube vid.
    – Aaron
    Sep 20, 2020 at 23:06

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