# How does this Bdim7 resolve to F/C?

( The song, the score I posted starts at 2:39 )

At the 4th measure, Bdim7 appears. It resolves to F/C. But I can't understand how this works.

Can someone explain what is going on ?

• Should that G# be Ab?
– Tim
Sep 24 '20 at 7:32
• @Tim What do you mean ? Sep 24 '20 at 12:27
• Bdim7 is spelled B, D, F, Ab. Whoever wrote the dots put A#.
– Tim
Sep 24 '20 at 16:17
• @Tim Whoever wrote the dots put G#!
– Richard
Sep 25 '20 at 10:06
• @Richard - True - I'm breaking these glasses in for the dog. Hope he has more luck with them...
– Tim
Sep 25 '20 at 14:49

I think it's important to introduce another interpretation, one that I see has been proposed by piiperi Reinstate Monica and Alexander Woo in the comments:

This is not a common-tone diminished seventh, but rather an enharmonically spelled viio7/V that leads to the dominant that appears in m. 61.

True, this dominant is embellished by first a cadential six-four and then two further measures of counterpoint (including a possible common-tone dominant seventh with the D7/C), but this is still a very clear dominant chord here (made especially clear by its hypermetrical accent).

When I teach the common-tone diminished seventh, I especially caution them against this very misreading: what looks like a common-tone diminished seventh resolving to an F chord is actually a much more common tonicization of the dominant.

• " This is not a common-tone diminished seventh, but rather a viio7/V that leads to the dominant that appears in m. 61. " Do you mean m.64 ? the C7 chord ? Also, I couldn't understand "what looks like a common-tone diminished seventh resolving to an F chord is actually a much more common tonicization of the dominant." Can you explain it more easier ? I couldn't understand the "common tonicization of the dominant" part... Sep 29 '20 at 5:41
• @HyunYooPark m. 61 is F/C, also known as a "cadential six four." Although the "real" C7 doesn't appear until m. 64, the bass C of m. 61 really begins the dominant. And this viio7/V temporarily makes V (C) sound like tonic. So instead of viewing the bdm7 as a common-tone diminished seventh, I recommend viewing it as a viio7/V. Hopefully that helps, but let me know if not!
– Richard
Apr 6 '21 at 2:26

The Bdim7 is better viewed as an Fdim7. In this light, it's a "common-tone" diminished seventh chord. Whereas a "tonicizing" diminished seventh "resolves" to the following chord, a common-tone diminished seventh shares a note in common with the following chord and serves a prolongational function.

By placing the Fdim7 in second inversion, a chromatic ascending bass line is achieved.

For more on common-tone diminished sevenths, see Steven G. Laitz, 1008, The Complete Musician: An Integrated Approach to Tonal Theory, Analysis, and Listening, 2nd ed. (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press), pages 820-21.

• I have to disagree on the "better viewed as". It could just as well be seen as a slightly different G7/B, expecting a C chord, but instead getting a "not so fast boy, you can wait for your dominant satisfaction a little longer" F/C chord. And you have to wait for the C7 several more bars. Dim7 chords are completely symmetric and there is always another possible perspective, you just couldn't see it yet. Sep 24 '20 at 12:38
• Thank you for your answer. It did helped me. I live in Korea and I don't know where I could get the book. Do you know anywhere I could get it ? Sep 24 '20 at 12:39
• No I think it's really a Bdim7 (despite the misspelling with an G-sharp). The reason is that F/C should be (as usual) analyzed as a C chord with 2 suspensions, and then the Bdim7 is the usual sharp-4 diminished 7th, or if you prefer the dominant II-7-flat9 without the root. Sep 25 '20 at 2:56