Is there a difference between the two? There is quite a bit of stuff on dovetailing but I cant find much info for "hocket effect"
No, they're not the same. A hocket (the word means 'hiccough') is produced by two or more interlocking melodies or rhythms, each of which is gappy enough to let the other be heard! The Oxford Dictionary of Music defines a hocket as a
'device in medieval vocal music whereby rests were inserted into vocal parts, even in the middle of words, to intensify expressive effect.'
There's a Wikipedia article on the subject.
Dovetailing is a technical term in joinery, not in music. Perhaps the smooth joining of two musical passages has been called, metaphorically, dovetailing. And perhaps someone took it for a technical term in music.
Compared with hockets, which are by nature somewhat disjointed, dovetailed passages would be snugly fitted together, with any sharp edges chamfered. Music is full of smooth joins.
Here's an example of a clarinet hocketting with three bassoons, from Moondog's Symphonique #1 (Portrait of a Monarch):
It's at 38" on YouTube
I think those scandalous glees from the C17th and early C18th, which - when you listen to them - seem to be full of sexual references yet - if you examine the words - are utterly innocent, each 'bad' word being only the result of two innocuous words colliding, would qualify as hockets. No voice has the whole thing.
The Balinese Ramayana monkey chant (appropriated for use in the films Satyricon and Blood Simple) uses hockets to produce rhythms which would otherwise be impossible. These Indonesian instruments [From 3'23"] (whose name I don't know) are also hocketting to make the tune, each instrument having only one pitch.
While "dovetailing" is not standard, it does seem to be gaining traction, including at least one published paper. Oct 21, 2020 at 12:54
I'm not mad about John Adams but I love his joinery ;-) Oct 21, 2020 at 18:04
Admittedly his music is plane. Oct 21, 2020 at 18:18
@Aaron dovetailing was certainly a common term during my undergraduate education in the late 1980s. It was used to describe the last note of one phrase being the first note of another.– phoogOct 23, 2020 at 23:07
@phoog You got your undergrad degree in woodworking? And yet you still know so much about music! :-) Oct 23, 2020 at 23:29
Hocket is used heavily in drumline music. It's an interleaving of rhythms. Let me draw an example quick--
I'd say hocket happens on a smaller rhythmic value than dovetails, and involves heavier use of layering because it wants to highlight interchange between parts, not produce a fluid line.
Funny enough this dates back to motets! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hocket
Scale does seem to be the difference. It might be worthwhile to add elision for the phrase level scale. Hocket < dovetail < Elision. Oct 21, 2020 at 16:02
Interesting. I han't heard of drumline music. And do the musicians themselves call it hocketting? Oct 26, 2020 at 1:08
@OldBrixtonian Yep-- it's bandied about all the time!! It's a very normal figure to use in drumline culture. Sometimes it's at a smaller scale rather than at a bar length. Oct 27, 2020 at 2:10