In xenharmonic theory, this scale is called an overtone scale, specifically "Mode 8 of the Harmonic Series" (Denny Genovese's term). To be precise, this assumes Just Intonation (pure ratios, not the tempered equivalent) and extending it to 15 (B).
Writing the scale as ratios, you get 8:9:10:11:12:13:14(:15:16), which is an Over-1 scale.
Some people do use it: guitarist Dante Rosati has refretted his guitar to play it, and calls it the "Diatonic Harmonic Series Scale" (see First Five Octaves of the Harmonic Series; this is the fourth octave), since its 8 notes are similar to the 7 notes of the usual diatonic scale.
Peter Hulen has composed some music using this scale (such as his dissertation, The Madman's Diary), and written a paper about how to use it with synthesized music.
See more compositions at Otones8-16.
This is one of the most interesting and practical overtone scales, since you get both very familiar chords such as the 4:5:6 major triad (8:10:12) and its extension to the barbershop tetrad (4:5:6:7), as well as more exotic harmonies, notably the 9:11:13:15 tetrad.