I have come across Mozart's composition: 'Sonata No. 8 D major, KV 311'
What is the meaning of KV 311 in the name :'Sonata No. 8 D major, KV 311'.
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KV is an abbreviation for Köchel-Verzeichnis, which translates to "Köchel catalogue." It is the commonly accepted listing of Mozart's works, originally developed by Ludwig von Köchel in 1862. Its goal is to list all of Mozart's compositions in chronological order.
A complete listing can be found on Wikipedia.
One can find similar abbreviations for other composers. For example, Bach's compositions are often listed with BWV (Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis) numbers, and Schubert's compositions often come with a D (Deutsch) number.