Looking at the abundant questions already available on Music Stack Exchange, I am aware this is a very commonly asked question in the forum. However, I still struggle to aurally identify the time signature of a given piece, primarily because I am unable to differentiate between the time signatures of the form x/y and mx/y - all variables being integers. (For example: difference between 3/4 and 6/4 and 12/4, 2/4 and 4/4 and 8/4, 5/4 and 10/4, etc)
I am not really sure if we can give reference to youtube links here, but:
In the piece played at the very beginning, I can very clearly countly the beats 1 2 3 1 2 3 ... which makes it sound like 3/4, however I can also hear a 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 pattern. By which I concluded that is actually in 12/8. However the sheet music says it's in 3/4. So where am I going wrong in my analysis? And if the above piece is not in 12/8, how is a 12/8 piece recognised then?
What I precisely want to know is that is there some written rule of the accentuation of notes in any given time signature? Like given any random time signature (say 17/16 for example, does it have a given set of rules that makes it 17/16 and not 34/16?)
Also there are many songs in pop music that are apparently in 4/4, but for me they tend to be more suitably in time signature of 8/8 (especially songs wherein the chords following the pattern of - dotted crotchet + dotted crotchet + crotchet). However, surprisingly, I have never in my life seen any song with such a time signature.
I have read various answers, but still I find it difficult to accurately ascertain the time signature of any piece. Like if someone says a given piece is in 5/4, I would not be able to give a concrete argument as to why the piece is not in 10/4 or 15/4.
Please enlighten me with these rules of time signatures. I am a beginner and I would really like get out of this pit that I've been stuck in for months. Thanks a lot in advance! I would really appreciate if you address all the queries stated in the passage.