Chart of chord functions

The picture above shows that the harmonic functions for chords as:

Tonic: I, III, VI
Dominant: V, VII
Subdominant: IV, II

Dp these same classification also apply to the natural minor scale?

  • Dupe of 'In A natural minor, what are the tonic and sub-dominant family chords?' ?
    – Tim
    Commented Apr 21, 2021 at 16:13
  • There's some odd logic in this image. III is "the relative chord of the dominant function," but there's no mention of III being the relative chord of tonic!
    – Richard
    Commented Apr 22, 2021 at 1:46

1 Answer 1


Yes. However, chord functions in minor generally assume a raised 7th scale degree (i.e., leading tone). So V in minor is presumed to be a major chord, and VII in minor is presume to be a diminished chord.

When the chords have a lowered seventh (minor V and major VII), although they are generally considered to have the same dominant function, it is a much weaker effect.

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