This is something which I have found is performed much more by European artists than American.

After many years performing, artists start to modify their songs. Speeding up some beats, and stretching other beats much more. Putting emphasis on words that were different in the original. That is strange, because usually the original was very successful for a reasom. And then, mostly during live performances artists sing their songs off-beat.

It happens a lot with Dutch artists, but I might think that because I am Dutch and hear more Dutch music than native speakers of other languages. I also know that Dutch sounds very awkward to most of you, so I have included some other languages as well:

French/English: Daniel Gerard - Butterfly



German: Peter Maffai - Du



Dutch: Rita Hovink - Laat me alleen



But for example Neil Diamond doesn't do it very often, although this is one terrible:

English: Neil Diamond - Song song blue



So why do artists do this? Are they bored performing a song for the 27645th time? Do they feel they have to entertain their audience more? In general I think the result is awkward and spoils my fun listening.

BTW I am so old I know most 1970-ies songs from their originals.

  • All artists modify their songs. I see evidence that Americans do it less and I'm not sure there is a special name for it other than "arranging".
    – user50691
    Jun 16, 2021 at 0:43
  • Anecdotal, but in high school, everyone on the drumline (myself included) eventually got bored of the tunes we played the most and started adding little fills to make them interesting again (to themselves). These fills rarely made the songs better...
    – Edward
    Jun 16, 2021 at 1:40
  • "because usually the original was very successful for a reason" -- I hope you're not seriously implying that music is a meritocracy.
    – Esther
    Jun 16, 2021 at 7:41
  • @Edward. I am sorry you did not post your comment as an answer. It sounds plausible. And the last sentence makes sense. Jun 16, 2021 at 14:00
  • @Esther: I am not sure I fully understand meritocracy in this context. I am talking about an original song by that artist which became very popular. And then performed in a different way of what it made successful. Jun 16, 2021 at 14:02

3 Answers 3


First of all: variation is part of our nature. Not only we're not able to do the exact same thing twice, but we often don't really like it.

And what you hear is not "off-beat".
That's [re]interpretation.

There are two important aspects to consider:

  1. Before mechanical recording and reproduction of music were invented, there was no such thing as "the original version". Every rendition of every music piece was different, sometimes dramatically.
  2. Fixed tempo during the whole duration of the piece and specific metronome markings ("BPM") are relatively new in music history, especially for popular music that is commonly listened to by most people.

Before notation was standardized, music was only shared by ways of reproducing it by ear. This obviously meant that there were some "common" pieces that were known by many people, but each rendition was different due the transformation processes caused by every musician playing it in a slightly different (and personalized) way and the others trying to reproduce it, possibly with different instruments.

Even after notation became more common, a lot of music included parts that explicitly left some amount of freedom to the performer (cadenzas, ornaments), while others completely depends on the feeling of the performers: especially tempo, dynamics, duration in dynamic variations. Other aspects that might impact on those variations are technical: depending on the instrument, the acoustics of the place in which it's played.

If you take a single classical music piece, you won't be able to find two exactly identical renditions, from different musicians, and even from the same one.

Then, fixed-tempo-music is relatively new: while it was already common even in ancient "popular" (folk) music, that was mostly due to the fact that they were based on simple forms and/or intended for dancing (which clearly requires a steady tempo). Most classical music has time variations throughout the whole duration, and those variations are not always the same, depending on... interpretation.

Finally, metronome markings are relatively new: the metronome was invented at the beginning of the 19th century, before that there were only text indications (mostly in Italian: "Allegro" for "pretty fast", "Adagio" as "slowly", etc.) that were very approximate. Even after the metronome, most music didn't indicate any precise tempo marking, in order to leave some level of freedom to the... again, interpretation.

When soloists come in place (temporarily or for the whole piece) have even more freedom in these aspects. Even if the accompaniment is pretty "stable", their tempo is not always on a "fixed grid". That's because interpretation means allowing the performer to emphasize in different ways what they're playing/singing: sometimes it's virtuosity (imagine a singer that can keep a high note for a very long time), or because they want the audience to pay more attention to some aspects of a song/piece/word.

And, yes, sometimes it's for boredom, but in reality it's to avoid it, as playing the same thing in the same way for hundreds or thousands of times is really boring, and it's something that can be often perceived by the audience: if I'm bored, the audience can become bored too.

Singing is probably the practice that mostly takes advantage of the freedom of interpretation. Since we're very accustomed to human voice, as listeners we can perceive a lot of (different) things depending on how something is spoken (sung), and a good performer is able to play with those infinitesimal aspects, not unlike an actor can say the same line in dozens of different ways, each one of them passing different feelings to the audience.

In the beginning of this post I wrote that we, as humans, often don't like repetition.
It might seem counterintuitive: most people, nowadays, prefers to listen to the same piece again and again, and when they listen to it somewhere else (like, in live concerts), they are more likely to enjoy the piece if it's "the same" as they were used to. This is because our brain "enjoys" recognizing schemes we already know.

We are now accustomed to the fact that we can listen to the exact same piece again and again, many people enjoy this, you specifically express that:

In general I think the result is awkward and spoils my fun listening.

In fact, many people are actually bored to listen to the same exact version of the same song again and again, and really enjoy to listen to different renditions even from the same performer, and even if we really love "the original". That's also a reason for which many people prefer going to concerts: it's often an occasion to listen to something they like, but with a different "touch", and sometimes even get surprised. It's a way to find and realize new things, consider songs from new and different aspects, know the performers better, their feelings, their abilities.

That is strange, because usually the original was very successful for a reason.

There are a lot of reasons for which a piece is successful (including the fact that it's very popular and people listen to it very often in tv/radio/commercials/etc, and sometimes this results in a song that can become enjoyable even by those that originally didn't like it).
But, generally, it's not because the song was sung exactly in the way it was performed in the record as opposed to different ways. It just became successful (possibly also because it was sung in that way), but singing/playing it with a different interpretation doesn't mean that it's less "powerful" or enjoyable, or that they don't consider the aspects that made that song successsful.
On the contrary, there's music for which the live version is sometimes more popular than the original studio recording.


I was going to write this in comments, but I realized that the reply was going to be too extensive.
There are two main meanings for "off-beat": the common meaning, usually applied to syncopation, is when notes (or accents) are not following the strong accents of the bar (playing 2 and 4 in 4/4). Then there's what happens if the rhythm is completely off (incoherent) with the standard mathematical subdivisions, and it's generally the case of unexperienced (or just bad) musicians that are not able to follow tempo.

What you're referring to is not strictly off-beat, but one of the following: rithmic (and melodic) variations on the "original" you're used to, or phrasing, which is something that is more "slightly outside the time grid" than actual "off-beat" in musical terms.

The first is just the liberty of the performer, who can decide to slightly change something to their own taste (as said, we don't like to do the exactly same thing every single time) without completely change the core aspects of the piece. You may not like it, but it's part of the very nature of music, which is not a fixed sum of dots and lines on paper, nor its mechanical reproduction.

Phrasing is even more fascinating, and is a very broad aspect that relies on interpretation and perception of time, and is closely linked to "humanization".
While we're now accustomed to the concept of fixed, stable, precise tempo, human expression actually follows "waves" of tempo variations, even when playing together; that's why programmers of music software and electronic instruments spend a lot of time on "humanizing" algorithms: they make "mathematically precise" music sound more natural. In fact, even the studio versions you shared have some of these "off-beat" cases (like Diamond's at ~1.25): these are "windows" (sometimes simple notes, others entire phrases) in which the soloists have some level of freedom to stretch or expand tempo.
But don't consider this as something that is "not in tempo". Obviously there are many occurrences in which being "more in sync" is required, depending on various aspects, but music (luckily) is not always that strict. All of this is not "off-beat", it's just what music is and has always been.

If I may, I suggest you to try to overcome the feeling you have for these "different" versions: don't be "distracted" in the wrong way, as these distractions are often hints to more interesting things. There is a whole new world in every different performance, and it's usually more interesting than always listening to the same one. You already know that very well, don't you like to try something different occasionally? ;-)

  • 1
    One point that I'd add is that the studio recording is not necessarily the "original". It's just the one that plays on the radio or is published on the album because it's recorded in a very controlled setting for best sound quality. Many musicians will debut new songs at live performances, and may play them many times, making small tweaks or even drastic changes from one performance to the next, long before they take it to a recording studio. Jun 16, 2021 at 14:23
  • @DarrelHoffman you're absolutely right. Many bands and musicians write songs while in tour and "test them" with the audience before "finalizing" them for the recording that could possibly make them "successful". Which is not that different from what composers used to do in the past in intellectual salons, where artists (and patrons) gathered to exchange ideas and share new compositions that were not completed yet. Jun 16, 2021 at 14:36
  • @Musicamante Most of what you write is a general consideration on music and the history and I accept most of you points. I might not like it what artists do but it does not invalidate your consideration so I accept your answer. Please also look at my comment to the post of Aaron about different arrangements or new interpretations. One thing I do disagree. You say that those artists do not sing off-beat. IMHO if someone sings his syllables unsynchronized with the music I cannot call it differently. Especially if the "original" was sung in sync. Jun 16, 2021 at 20:41
  • @JohannesLinkels I was going to reply here, but I decided to update the post. See the bottom part. Jun 17, 2021 at 12:30
  • Boredom is certainly part of it.
  • Band members change, so new arrangements get created.
  • Instruments change, so new arrangements get created
  • Over time songs begin to mean different things to the artist who created them.
  • Even audiences who love the original might enjoy "the new version".

And this is not at all unique to the pop music world. Classical composers have rewritten entire compositions, or parts of compositions, and classical performers change their interpretations as they grow. Just as one example of each, Stravinsky composed The Rite of Spring in 1913 and revised it in 1938. Glenn Gould recorded The Goldberg Variations in 1955 and again in 1981. Jazz musicians, by their nature, attempt to create new performances every time.

  • @Dekkadeci I accept boredom. But these are definitely not new arrangements. The music is as in the original. It is the artist singing in a different way, not in beat with the music. New arrangements are acceptable. Jingle Bells exist in dozens of arrangements, traditional, latin, jazz, reggae. Completely new interpretations as well. Procol Harum - Whiter Shade of Pale (Bach - Air). Or Julio Iglesias - Quiero (Spanish Ballad). Either is sung together with the music. Not the music in one way an the artist out of beat. Jun 16, 2021 at 14:24
  • @JohannesLinkels I was answering the general question of why songs change.
    – Aaron
    Jun 16, 2021 at 14:45
  • Sorry I addressed the editor of your post instead of you the author. Jun 16, 2021 at 20:42

Music performance, outside an artificial studio setting, can be a very interactive art form. Humans normally react to their environment. If the artist isn’t ignoring their audience, then how the audience is seen reacting (emoting, cheering, falling asleep, etc.) can significant influence a particular performance, as well as the performers emotional state.

It’s like a visual/aural jam session with the (maybe silent) audience.

  • And that's exactly why I didn't do any attempt in "live streaming" my music during the 2020 lockdown. If I'm going to play "live", I want to feel the audience, not see some "digital appearance" on the screen. Jun 17, 2021 at 12:32

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