# Why does 1/1 time signature exist

So I stumbled around a 1/1 song like 3 days ago I still dont whats the use of 1/1, I get 2/2 and 8/8 but why does 1/1 exist?* Like what is its purpose?

• An example image would be helpful. Jun 16, 2021 at 14:52
• Techno time signature… 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 &… not so much four on the floor as one on the floor;) Jun 16, 2021 at 14:56
• @MichaelCurtis You are thinking of disco. Techno has the same beat over and over again. Jun 16, 2021 at 15:20
• Mine was a joke - gotta take these things as they're offered sometimes. Jun 16, 2021 at 16:05
• Whut?!?! I'm here all week, plus matinees! ;)) Jun 16, 2021 at 17:01

### Preamble

Sometimes a piece will be conducted "in 1", the most frequent example being a piece in a fast triple meter. The conductor only indicates one beat per measure, treating what otherwise might be 3/4 as "one beat per measure, and each measure contains a triplet."

### Examples of 1/1 used in a score

Elgar's "Enigma" variations use a 1/1 time signature for variation VII, which is in a fast (presto) 4. He certainly could have written it as 4/4 or 2/2 — the notation would be exactly the same — but by indicating 1/1, he's making a clear statement to the conductor and musicians about the feel: both 4/4 and 2/2 are felt as having two main pulses per measure, Elgar wants only one.

Here are the flutes, mm. 1–8, extracted from the full score (on IMSLP).

Borodin does the same thing for the same reason in this second symphony. Here is again the flute part from the opening of the movement (IMSLP), marked prestissimo.

### The larger question: why 1/X?

In a sense, there's nothing special about 1/1 other than the question of "why have only one beat in a measure?"

To reinforce the sense of a fast tempo: as explained above.

When an "extra" beat is needed, or beats are skipped: In Poulenc's first Nocturne, there is a single bar of 1/2 time (m. 27). The piece is in 2/2, but this "extra" beat is needed to complete the phrase of that moment. Adding the beat to the previous bar — making a 3/2 bar — won't do, because a feeling of a downbeat is required. However, a second beat in the measure would prolong the phrase awkwardly.

### Interesting. Tell me more.

Wikipedia has a list of pieces with 1-based time signatures.