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This nonation appears on Partite diverse sopra l'Aria 'Schweiget mir von Weiber nehmen' by Reincken, Johann Adam, IMSLP #04945.

  • 1
    Just chiming in to say I'm stumped. I've never seen it before, it doesn't appear in this list, and strangely enough it only happens the two pictured times out of a 13-page publication. I can't see a hypothesis based on the musical context either. An original manuscript of another piece by Reincken shows nothing of the sort (no notated ornaments at all, in fact). Sep 22, 2021 at 14:35
  • 4
    Very, very tenuto? :) Sep 22, 2021 at 16:02
  • 2
    @JohnBelzaguy Tenutississimo
    – Aaron
    Sep 22, 2021 at 17:35
  • 3
    "don't even think about ornamenting this note"?
    – AakashM
    Sep 22, 2021 at 18:25
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    To see how this is commonly performed I downloaded the pdf then found performances on youtube and spotify but they all sounded like they were playing from a different edition. So I'm none the wiser. Sep 23, 2021 at 12:04

1 Answer 1


The Dolmetsch Musical Symbols guide lists the = symbol, but not , but for = it says this:

a symbol found above note heads in The Bird Fancyer's Delight which is explained in the original publication thus: "The marks & rules for graceing are these Viz. a close shake thus ="

I expect that you'd perform = similarly to ≡

  • in my opinion, we can listen the sound record of this sheet to reongize this ornament, or find book that talking about musical ornament? Sep 23, 2021 at 17:38
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    Searching this treatise for "close shake" shows that it meant many different things to different people. Before I got too concerned about it, I'd try to find an edition that was closer to Reinken than this 1886 one and verify that it was even in the original. Manuscripts of Reincken's other works seem to be free from notated ornaments altogether, and maybe this is just an artifact of an over-zealous editor wanting to notate an un-notated practice. Sep 24, 2021 at 17:46

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