There are two reasons to not add functionality that may not be needed to an audio device. The first is obviously cost. The second is keeping the audio path as simple as possible to retain audio quality and a low noise floor; there's no point in running a signal through a pre-amp, compressor, limiter or equalizer if you don't want to change the signal anyway.
Think about what sources you'd normally connect to mono inputs (vocals, drums, mic'ed acoustic instruments, ...) and what sources you'd connect to a stereo input (synthesizers, guitar multi-effect processors, all kinds of digital devices, ...). The stereo sources often have output level, dynamic processing and equalization built-in, while the mono sources don't; so it makes sense to give the mono channels more sound sculpting options.
Besides, you can always connect a mono source to a stereo input, or a stereo source to two mono inputs, depending on whether you want the extra processing capabilities or not. So instead of looking at a mixer as having 8 mono input and 4 stereo inputs, you could look at it as having 8 inputs with extensive sound sculpting options, and 4 inputs without.
A mixer manufacturer will envisage the use case for a certain mixer (live band, recording rig, rock band, synth band, deejay setup, music podcaster, ...) and then provide the capabilities that they think will suffice, at a price that will appeal to people in those situations.