ii -> V -> I -> vi (or V/ii) -> (starts over on ii)
Because of the repeat you could hypothetically reposition the bar line and have...
vi -> ii -> V -> I
...which should make is clear that the progression is a roots by descending perfect fifths.
Someone can give that progression a "name," some identify it with the song I Got Rhythm, some might point out it's a segment of the circle of fifths sequence. MoneyChords puts the rotation in
I vi ii V and calls it "Standard Progression." The same site presents the same fundamental progression with different chord qualities in
I IV7 II7 V7 and calls it the "Ragtime Progression."
But roots by descending fifth is the most fundamental harmonic progression and has been used for centuries in many different musical styles. Giving it a catchy name is more likely to obscure how fundamental the progression is by associating it with some particular usage.
I think a purely descriptive, and short name, that most people will recognize is: descending fifth progression.
That may seem a bit vague as to which chords of the key are indicated, but that's sort of beside the point. Descending fifths progression move toward the tonic, or if not, do something like a half cadence or modulate to a new key by way of descending fifths into that new key. At which point the important thing isn't the descending fifths aspect but the phrase structuring importance of the non-tonic destinations. In other words, many standard songs are built nearly entirely of descending fifths progressions where deviations from descending fifth harmony is the result of phrases moving to different tonal centers.