I've occasionaly seen these arrows over numbers, but I don't know what they're called or exactly what they mean.

I'm assuming they have something to do with the motion, but I'm not sure.

Unknown arrows over numbers

1 Answer 1


Chevron above Arabic number marks pitch of the notes with respect to the root of the key. In this case these notes are 6 and 5 in scale of the key.

There is one flat in key signature, so the key could be F major or D minor. In this case it must be F major, as D is 6 in F (it is interval of major sixth above F), and C is 5 in F.

  • This doesn't answer the question of what the chevrons ˆ mean in this notation. Are they just there to point from the number to the note, or do they convey any meaning? Dec 25, 2021 at 14:10
  • @MichaelSeifert is it more clear now? Dec 25, 2021 at 14:22
  • 1
    Thanks! Is there an official name for the symbol? Also, are there any similar ones, like one facing down etc.?
    – RazerMoon
    Dec 25, 2021 at 14:36
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    These are commonly referred to as "scale-degree numbers."
    – Richard
    Dec 25, 2021 at 14:58
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    @RazerMoon I don't know any other name. And it's the only use I'm aware of, when placed above an arabic number. Sadly, it's not easy to type on computer, so people typically write ^6 ^5. In sheet music notation, ^ above a note or v below a note means marcato articulation. Also v above the note is used to notate bowing or picking upwards in string instruments. Dec 25, 2021 at 15:07

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