TLDR: get a good quality soprano baroque recorder. If at all possible book a few lessons with a teacher. And play at least 15 minutes every day.
The recorder family basically comes in two different fingering systems, generally known as the baroque fingering and the german respectively. There are subtle differences on some notes which may make you believe the German system to be easier, which is not. Tuning is generally better for the baroque fingering.
The recorder family basically comes in two different tunings, as a C instrument or as a F instrument. The F instruments are, in my mind at least, played transposed. So get a C instrument, a good starting point will be a Soprano recorder (the one about a foot long). It is tuned in C and when you see a C (sic) tone you play a C. The lowest note, all fingers is a C.
As for fingerings the second octave and above is different from the first octave, as for most wind instruments. And the recorders second octave is in my experience different from every other wind instrument. Meaning essentially that you should not take that into account.
One wind instruments that come closest to the recorder in fingering in the first octave is the flute. In the second octave and up it is different.
Another wind instrument that is close in fingering in the first octave is any of the saxophone family (alto, tenor, baritone and to a degree the soprano and bass). They come with a twist though, that if you read and play a C the sound coming out will be either a Eb or Bb depending on instrument -- this is very easy to get used to. From an acoustic "theoretical" point of view the Saxophone family is the "best" instrument with least problems in tuning and sound production.
The clarinet family of instruments have quite different fingerings in the lowest octave.
The oboe family of instruments have similar fingerings in the first octave. They take a lot of work on the double reed and you need a teacher to get you started there if you want to make any real progress (I know, there are exceptions of course, but very rare).
And the bassoon is very different in fingering (I play mostly bassoon and contrabassoon).
The whistle family has different fingerings, but I find it generally easy to convert.
There are further wind instruments but they are less common in Western music. I like the Ocarina as example.