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I just want to know what is that chord.

At first, it looks like F7, but there is no 3rd Note ( A ), So i can't be F7.

Then, What is it?

  • 2
    What do you want to be able to do? Give the chord a name or label so that others know what you mean? Or do you want to get ideas, how the chord might be used in various contexts? If you just want a systematic name that would let other people know what combination of notes you mean, you could call it "F7(omit3)". May 29, 2022 at 18:54
  • 4
    What key are you in? What is before it? What comes after? Is there a separate bass part, etc?
    – Tetsujin
    May 29, 2022 at 18:55

4 Answers 4


There is a comment alluding to this possibility:

The presentation of the chord suggests that it is taken from the right hand part of a keyboard piece. If that is the case then one should not analyze the chord without taking the left hand into account. In classical music, particularly, it is common, even usual, to avoid playing the third of a chord in the upper voices when it appears in the bass part. Therefore, it's likely, especially if this is from a classical piece, that the left hand is playing an A (or perhaps A♭), in which case this chord would appear in a lead sheet as F7/A (or Fm7/A♭).

There's been some discussion in the comments about whether the chord is an augmented sixth chord. If that is the case then the upper note should (in classical theory) be spelled with a D♯ instead of an E♭. Lead sheets typically render these chords as dominant seventh chords, however (and jazz/pop theory explains them through "tritone substitution"). If the next chord is some sort of E chord (or an A chord with E in the bass) then the proper name of this chord depends on whether the piece is jazz or classical -- or, more precisely, on whether the analysis uses jazz or classical theory.

In the context of the video you link to, it's clear that the chord is Fm7. The absence of the A♭ can be explained by the texture, which is mostly two voices, bass and melody, with a good deal of arpeggiation. The right hand in particular frequently adds a voice to create a three-voice texture, which is what we have here but only very briefly. There are also spots where the right hand plays full chords.

But the whole introduction is basically a single voice in each hand with a few extra notes thrown in here and there to make explicit three-voice chords. These appear at certain structural points, mostly at the beginnings and ends of phrases.

Even without those extra notes, however, various chords are implied, sometimes by arpeggiation and sometimes with passing tones (for example, immediately after the C and E♭, with the left hand remaining on F, the right hand has A♭-E♭-A♭-B♭-C-E♭, which implies an Fm7 chord even without an actual chord; the B♭ is a passing tone).

Given the texture of the piece, one would not normally pay much attention to omitted notes when analyzing the harmony. The harmony is established by the melodic contour, so looking at the chords that appear almost in passing for a fraction of a beat is not necessarily helpful.

Consider your comment in that light:

What I Questioned is Fm7 ( Previous Chord is GbM7 ), But in there is No Ab Hm..

You're right. It's Fm7 with a note left out, just as the following F and A♭ are an Fm7 with two notes left out.

As an aside, while the section in question definitely has a minor feel to it, the piece begins with a melody that cadences on D♭ and also ends on D♭, so I would be inclined to say that it is in D♭ major rather than B♭ minor.

  • Let me tell you where this code came from. youtu.be/82xZzDxDrKE In this Video, The chord that I want to ask comes out from 14 seconds
    – Mir
    Jun 1, 2022 at 6:13
  • I think I didn't provide enough information about this question sorry.. So, here is what i thought. The song's key is Bbm, And What I Questioned is Fm7 ( Previous Chord is GbM7 ), But in there is No Ab Hm..
    – Mir
    Jun 1, 2022 at 6:27
  • @Mir thanks for the context. I've added a section to the answer.
    – phoog
    Jun 1, 2022 at 8:00
  • Amazing Analysis, Thanks. "Context" is very important in this chord analysis working
    – Mir
    Jun 1, 2022 at 12:09
  • On the face of it, we have no way of knowing which octave it's played in - r.h. or l.h. So whether there's any other notes is strictly speaking irrelevant to the question. Which asks simply 'what is this chord?'. And no, I'm not sore at losing 5 points - just pointing out a fact !
    – Tim
    Jun 1, 2022 at 16:42

Well, the chord is simply what it is. It might serve some functions and be classified in certain harmonic systems, but that is quite arbitrary and would depend on the context. For example in classic harmonic theory this could be seen as F7 without 3 (depending on the context this could be read as Fm7, F7 or an open F chord with a 7th). But it could also be read as C minor over an F in the bass. All of this strongly depends on the context.

  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat.
    – Richard
    Jun 3, 2022 at 14:21

The 'official' title would be F7(no3). Which is just what it is.

  • 1
    it's the downvoter, here to explain: @Tim, I respect your knowledge, but I think the approach expressing one's beliefs ("house rules" / "preferences") as objective truths - does more harm than good. Even if the beliefs are reasonable. This results in having a generation of people who - instead of studying or trying to understand music and music theory - are instead cultists, focused on finding "correct definitions", becoming followers of "correct people who know the correct definitions".
    – fdreger
    May 30, 2022 at 10:01
  • 2
    @fdreger It's unclear whether you're objecting to the answer's tone, content, or both.
    – Aaron
    May 30, 2022 at 10:22
  • @fdreger - thank you for owning up! I don't understand exactly what you're saying though, and still don't understand the reason for your dv.How could I have answered differently that wouldn't deserve it? I'm not looking for blind followers - I chastise students for not deeply questioning anything I say or do. The answer is as stands - it's correct !
    – Tim
    May 30, 2022 at 10:25
  • 2
    @Tim your answer makes sense and if I were to answer in one sentence, just by looking at the keyboard, with no additional data - my reply would be the same. But I would expect the second sentence to be a proviso, not an additional, strong confirmation of this being objectively the truth.
    – fdreger
    May 30, 2022 at 10:55
  • 1
    @fdreger the chord in question is an F7 chord with the third omitted. This is objectively true. What sort of proviso would you add?
    – phoog
    May 31, 2022 at 11:09

Green? :-) Just joking!

This kind of identifying question is supposed to be off topic, but...

With no other info, you should call it an incomplete F seventh chord. There is no point it worrying whether it might be F7 or Fm7. With no other music given there is nothing much to say about harmony or any other analysis. I don't mean to put to fine a point on it, but those three tone only is nearly musically meaningless.

The obvious thing would be look around in any surrounding music and look to see if there is an A of some kind which could imply what the third of the F seventh chord could be. But you could imply that A without actually playing it...

enter image description here

...the two examples above do not use any A notes, but based on the context of the other chords a key can be established and by extension the A could be implied. In Eb major the A would be an Ab and the chord becomes an incomplete, implied Fm7. In Bb major the A would be A natural and the chord becomes and incomplete, implied F7 chord.

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