F sharp minor has F# G# A B C# D E and finally ending on F# again I know chord progressions follow as Major minor minor major major minor diminished But my g# minor triad goes G# B D# but D sharp doesn’t exist in the f sharp minor scale so what am i doing wrong?

2 Answers 2


The chord pattern you've described — major, minor, minor, major, major, minor, diminished — applies to major scales. The pattern for (natural) minor scales is minor, diminished, major, minor, minor, major, major.

So, yes, triads within a key signature are built following the key signature, with the exceptions @Tim noted regarding melodic and harmonic minor.

For a complete listing of minor-scale triads given the different types of minor scales, see Triads derived from the different types of minor scales.

  • OP listed chords in order using relative major of A.
    – Tim
    Sep 18 at 14:28
  • @Tim Yes, I know what OP did. That, I believe, is the mistake. Had OP listed the chords in the "correct" order, it would have been clear that the ii chord should be diminished rather than minor.
    – Aaron
    Sep 18 at 14:29
  • I see where you've answered it from. We both answered, in different ways, I believe. Although I really don't know which 'minor' in the list OP started with, writing it starting with major.. But both G#m and G#o are available.
    – Tim
    Sep 18 at 15:30
  • @Tim exactly, which is why I referenced both your answer, which makes the multiple availability clear, as well as the linked question, which adds even more explicit detail.
    – Aaron
    Sep 18 at 16:01

Caught out by the fact that there are several different minor scales!

There are the natural, harmonic and melodic minors. And chords are different depending on which is used. In fact, in F♯ minor, the notes are F♯, G♯, A, B, C♯, D, D♯, E, E♯,(yes, E♯, not F), when all three scales are included. So there's your elusive D♯!

D♯ belongs to the rising melodic minor scale in Classical terms; in the melodic minor scale in jazz terms. The scale you referenced is the natural minor.

So - simple answer - NO. The key signature for minor keys is somewhat misleading - only specifically referring to the notes found in the relative natural minor.

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