There are a lot of clefs: G, F, and many C clefs. And it is not trivial to read some clef is you are familiar with another one. I think music comprehension would be made easier if we only used one type of clef. To be precise, I propose to teach just one clef (I don't care which one, but I will use the treble clef for examples below) and use only that clef and its octave variants. For treble clef, these would be suboctave (sounding octave lower than written), superoctave (sounding octave higher than written), sub15th, etc. Some of these are already rarely used:
I think this usage would help when learning a new instrument (switching from violin to viola, from recorder to piano, etc.). Furthermore, it would ease reading scores with a lot of instruments and picking out the chordal relationships quicker.
From my quick research, I have found the following arguments for the use of many different clefs.
Different clefs reduce the number of ledger lines. Counter: By construction, you will be at most a 4th away from any other clef by using the closest octave clef. This seems quite enough, as most instruments have bigger ranges than the 11th spanned by the 5 staff lines and will often use ledger lines anyway. Incidentally, the alto clef is only a 2nd away from the sub8 treble clef and the tenor clef is a 2nd away from it in the other direction.
Octave clefs are difficult to distinguish from each other (the 8 on top/bottom is easy to miss). Counter: Well, make them distinguishable. For example, instead of the regular treble clef, put an embellished G4. Instead of superoctave treble clef, put G5 etc.
For historical reasons, we have a lot of scores using different clefs. Counter: I think people that can read the other clefs will have little trouble reading octave clefs, so we just need to make the switch and print all new scores using octave clefs. People will get used to octave clefs and forget about the others.
Due to wind instrument fingerings, we have transposing parts, which is close to equivalent to writing in a different clef. I am not a wind player myself, so it is hard for me to judge how hard/impractical it would be to avoid these conventions.
So, am I missing something? I have seen some steps towards this simplification, e.g., alto singers no longer using alto clef (for a long time) and orchestra scores being available in concert pitch (much more recent).