It really depends on what you mean by "recognize". If you extensively practice scales, your fingers will be used to moving in certain patterns (yes, it's obviously not the fingers but the motor control that is involved here, but the meanin should be clear). In combination with your hearing and tab reading skills, this will progress to fluid playing, with the notes mainly falling in places you are musically anticipating. That is some kind of recognition.
If your primary focus is on analysis, being able to sight-discern harmonic frames, voice-leading, and improvise alternate lines and patterns outside of the given score, the visuals of a regular score tend to facilitate a more direct grasp of the musical framework you are moving in. It functions better as a conveyance of musical concepts than a tab, a tool primarily intended for conveying motoric patterns rather than musical content.
There is a reason that tabs (not just for stringed instruments) have started falling out of favor for professional musicians sometime since the late Baroque period, possibly partly driven by ongoing evolvement of instruments and tunings that made for more of a nuisance adapting tabs rather than note-based scores. The additional considerable learning effort required for a fluid interpretation particularly of polyphonic note scores over their tab equivalents tends to deliver returns regarding the bars for expanding on musical content.
With regard to how recognition of scales in tabs vs notes will affect your playing abilities, I consider it likely that you are overthinking this. Unless you have additional affinities to note scores by playing other instruments or singing, I doubt that at the mere scale level you'll experience persisting limitations of either notation.
In the end, the main improvement to playing scales is to be expected from practising playing scales and in that way cementing the connection with what your fingers are doing and what you are expecting to hear.