I'd like to know to which instruments are these signatures referring.

score with German instrument abbreviations

And these parts:

as above, with "Fl./Ob./Es-+B-Kl. 8va+16va" circled, instrument numbers also circled

Additionally, I'd like to how to use this score music. This book is titled as "Particell". Does it mean that multiple instruments can share the same score? What about the last three instruments? How come there are two scores for three instruments "Posaunen", "Bässe" and "Schlagzeug"? Is something missing here?

as above, with "Holzbläser ...", "Spielm.-Pf. in Ces", "Spielm.-Tr.", and "Hörner" circled

1 Answer 1


This is a condensed score [related to a reduction] of a full score for band: information is condensed on a limited number of staffs, instead of having one staff per instrument, which could make it easier to have an overview while reading/analyzing.

The indication +8va and +16va [though usually notated as +15ma] means that these notes are doubled at the octave/two octaves by the indicated instruments.

2 Kl. Fl. would mean 2 parts for piccolo and 4 Trp. 4 parts for trumpet.

Based on the only information provided, one would assume there are 3 horns (first staff), 3 trombones (second staff) and one part for "bass instruments" (also on second staff).


Fl./Ob./Es-+B-Kl.: flute/oboe/Eb and Bb clarinet

Holzbläser: woodwinds

Kl. Fl.: piccolo

Sopr.-K.: soprano cornet

Sax./Trp.: saxophone/trumpet

Ten.-Hr./Bar.: tenor horn/baritone

Spielm.-Pf. : Spielmannspfeifen (fifes)

Spielm.-Tr. : Spielmannstrommeln (marching snare drums)

Hörner: horns

Posaunen: trombones

Bässe: bass instruments (bass tuba and double bass)

Schlagzeug: percussion

  • 3
    "Sax." more likely means "Saxhorn" (Flügelhorn).
    – PiedPiper
    Apr 19, 2023 at 19:13
  • 1
    @PiedPiper The term Saxhorn is very infrequently used in German, compared to Flügelhorn I would assume the relation as lower than 1:20, so I'm not convinced in that respect.
    – guidot
    Apr 19, 2023 at 19:24
  • 4
    @guidot I agree the term Saxhorn would be unusual, but in that kind of band you would be much more likely to find flügelhorns than saxophones.
    – PiedPiper
    Apr 19, 2023 at 19:49
  • 2
    @Karlo OK, the book seems to be of arrangements from 1970, so saxophones are intended. You can ignore my first comment.
    – PiedPiper
    Apr 20, 2023 at 14:41
  • 2
    The piccolo abbreviation is probably Kleine Flote.
    – Neil Meyer
    Apr 20, 2023 at 15:01

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.