I found a cue manager for composers and saw a record:

Start TC    End TC
(hhmmssff)  (hhmmssff)
  • h - hours
  • m - minutes
  • s - seconds

I don't understand what f(ff) means. Can you explain me please?

the link to the cue manager: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1cu0QPrmJ4Mm2_MCPQjhD6WgOz7NoVR5vAtwUnmBD-Tw/edit#gid=0


1 Answer 1


HH = Hours

SS = Seconds

MM = Minutes

FF = (Video) Frames

  • These are video frames, right? May 30, 2023 at 20:23
  • @user1079505 Yes. Typically FF ranges from 1-24, 1-25, 1-29, or 1-30. There are drop frame time codes where not every second has the same number of frames. Note that whole a frame is the shortest amount of time in video it is far from the shortest amount of time in digital audio; that would be the sample. But a time code that includes a samples field would be too long to be useful. May 31, 2023 at 0:08
  • @ToddWilcox In audio, you can go shorter than a distance between samples, because samples define a continuous wave which can be reconstructed, shifted with arbitrary precision and then resampled. May 31, 2023 at 14:14
  • 2
    FF (or FFF) could also mean fraction of a second. FF = 10th of a second, FFF means hundredth of a second. I think you are right in this case though, FF means frames, unless there are any cues that have FF>30.
    – Neil
    May 31, 2023 at 15:40
  • @ToddWilcox And of course that number varies based on your location and the camera being used. In the US, it's typically 24 FPS for film, 30 FPS for television, while in Europe it's mostly 25 FPS for broadcast. (It originally was tied in directly to the phase of mains A/C in the various regions.) Some newer movies are filmed and even projected at 60 FPS, but this is usually reduced to one of the other values when you see it on your TV at home. May 31, 2023 at 18:30

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