Disclaimer: I'm a musician but not a pianist. My hobby is to study musical scores of other instruments just to learn a little more about them and how they work.
I came across some unusual markings for the piano score of Hungarian Rhapsody 2, and I'm not sure how to interpret them.
In this image, what is the 8, followed by dots, followed by a circle with a cross through it? I know 8 is usually used to indicate to play an octave higher/lower than notated, but this one says just '8', rather than '8va'. Also, it's in between the treble and bass staffs so I'm not sure if this is supposed to apply to one or both of them?
Also, in this image, the circle/cross reappears, but without the 8... Now I'm thinking it might be a replacement for the star that indicates to release the pedal. But this seems redundant as there are sections that don't use a star when a new pedal marking is listed.
So a bit confused how all this is meant to be interpreted, so if anyone can demystify some of this, that would be much appreciated.