These are bars 19-23 in J.S. Bach's BWV 935, from the Sechs kleine Präludien für Anfänger auf dem Klavier: enter image description here

Can anyone spell out for me what should be played for that E in bar 23 adorned with a grace note and a mordent and a turn all together?


1 Answer 1


What it's trying to say is:

  1. grace note: "play f on the downbeat with the duration of an eighth note"
  2. trill sign: "trill between f and e"
  3. turn: "end the trill in a turn leading to the next beat.

Here is a "slow" realization of the ornaments.

Notated example with 32nd note trill/turn

FWIW, I looked at three other editions on IMSLP, and all three wrote (the equivalent of) an eighth note f on the downbeat followed by a quarter note e with a trill indication; no turn.

  • Thanks! The picture in the question is from a Henle edition. Dec 19, 2023 at 2:45
  • @MarianoSuárez-Álvarez there are two manuscripts listed at RISM that have a link to an online viewer. One seems to be the source of the Henle edition; the other matches Aaron's description.
    – phoog
    Dec 19, 2023 at 9:37

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