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There is the accent symbol > to mark loud note (relatively neighboring), but how should I mark soft note?

(It's sems logically to mark it with <, but I never seen this in real sheets.)

6

What you are looking for is anti-accents, also called ghost notes:

anti-accents

(Image taken from the wikipedia.org page on "accents".)

The left one is slightly softer than other notes, the one on the right is much softer, and the one in the middle is, well, right in the middle.

Ghost notes are often notated with an x instead of a circle for the notehead.

  • Thanks. Additional question: if use x, how to show the note's duration? – user15155 Nov 4 '14 at 9:14
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    Grace notes aren't really soft notes though in the sense that they don't mark an already existing note. Grace notes are an addon to notes that are already there – Alexander Troup Nov 4 '14 at 9:16
  • That's one disadvantage of the x-notation. For eighths and shorter notes, you can simply use the regular "flags". For longer notes, there is no distinction. Per my experience, an x note without flags is usually considered as a quarter note. This could be because these notes are usually not longer than that, but I'm not really sure. – Lee White Nov 4 '14 at 9:17
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    I would reorganize the answer and place the anti-accents first. Otherwise, good info. – Meaningful Username Nov 4 '14 at 10:17
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    I have removed the part about grace notes -- it should be better like this. Thanks for the commentary. – Lee White Nov 4 '14 at 12:52

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