I have a keyboard set up with a proper stool so my arms are held straight out, with music at eye level - almost identical to how I set up my PC for good posture.

But while I can use the PC all day with no issues, within 5 minutes of playing the keyboard - I'm just starting - I get stiffness pain at the bottom of my neck, probably one vertebra above the shoulders.

Can anyone advise what is causing this and how to adjust? I think my main posture can't be too bad - I'm not hunching or craning my neck - but wondered if perhaps I am 'clenching' somehow?

1 Answer 1


I'm a violinist, not a pianist, but it's very common for beginning violin players to have severe pain because they are too tense, especially when they are self taught. I'm going to suggest a few generic techniques to start minimizing tension.

  • When you sit down at the piano, think about how you are sitting. Look for any tension, especially in your neck and shoulders. Close your eyes, and take a few deep, slow breaths to help you relax.
  • Play a note. Not a piece, or even a scale, just a single note. Think about how relaxed you feel playing that note. Think about tension in your back and shoulders. If you find any, slow down again and relax. Now try two notes, or maybe even three or four. But still think about relaxing, not about music. This is what your body should feel like all the time when you play.
  • Now you've got a baseline for how you should feel while playing. So play something simple. Either a short tune you know well, or a scale, or whatever you find easy. Halfway through, stop and think about tension. Did you tense up again? If you did, sit back, relax, and start over, slower. Slowing down makes it easier to play, and easier to think about not getting tense.

  • Another exercise is to practice breathing while playing. A lot of beginners tend to hold their breathe, which just adds stress and tension. So play a scale. Depending on your speed, you may want to breathe in going up, and out going down, or breathe in for 4 notes, out for 4 notes. Just practice breathing in rhythm, and being aware of your breathe. When you are playing music, start thinking about when you breathe in general. Breathing exercises aren't just for singers.

In summary: Consciously relax before playing, and check for tension as you play. If you get tense, back off, relax, and slow down. Make sure you breathe.

If the tension is caused more by your posture, you may need to find a teacher to help you out, since we can't see how you hold yourself over the net. A teacher could also help with the sort of tension issues I'm talking about here, so if lessons are an option, it would probably be worthwhile, even if only for a short time.

  • Thanks. I have a teacher and she hasn't complained about posture so I figure tensing up is most likely, particularly the stress of trying to get a phrase right after the Nth attempt :)
    – Mr. Boy
    Dec 2, 2014 at 14:57
  • +1 for 'teacher' - every time. We all (well, most of us...) tense up when doing something new/stressful/tricky, and a good teacher should spot this pretty quickly, and offer an antidote or two.
    – Tim
    Dec 2, 2014 at 17:49

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