Over the years, Fender has refined the design of its guitars in ways which it feels make a better product for modern tastes. Modern bridges have more sustain, better resonance, more reliable and fluid tremolo mechanisms. Their current standard fretboard has a higher circumference - that is, it's flatter. Because of modern materials they can make the neck narrower, and hence easier to play. And they've got modern pickups made using modern construction techniques with modern materials.
However, some people don't want a modern guitar. They want a guitar that feels like a 1956 Strat, or a 1964 Telecaster, or whatever. Those with serious money buy a real used 1956 Strat in good condition. But for those who can't find one of those (but still have some money to spend!) Fender makes a Vintage range that imitates vintage models in all the important details -- everything from the design of the bridge to the spacing of the windings on the pickups is copied from the vintage original.
Whether or not this is something you would want, is a matter of taste.
A related market, is that of artist replica instruments -- where they borrow, say, Dave Gilmour's guitar, and copy not only its shape and components, but every scratch and scuff.