I was showing someone how to play the intro to "More Than A Feeling", and as we were working through the chord pattern it dawned on me how many times I've played the same voicing for the Dmaj (C,B on top) - The Doors, The Stones,Rush, Fleetwood Mac, Led Zeppelin et al have, over the years given us first position chord voicing/patterns that have become standard simply because they've been copied so many hundreds of times in other songs - What are some examples (in tabs).
The only "rock" (as opposed to every other style of music) chord pattern I can think of is the so-called "Texas G" chord:
This is typically played using the thumb on the low-E string and the middle finger playing both the B- and high-E strings. Note that this isn't a typical G chord, which includes the B on the A-string. Instead it intentionally leaves that B out, so it's made up purely of roots and fifths. It's popular both because it's easy and because it doesn't have a third in it, so it's neither major nor minor---in that sense, it's like a power chord.
If instead you're asking about popular first-position chords in general, of course this would require a much longer example. Perhaps you can give examples of songs that use the chords you're looking for?
I think the answer to this could easily be any rock song using chord progressions in open positions; there are literally thousands of possible examples; though a favourite of mine is 'Sympathy for the Devil' by the 'Rolling Stones' (check out the rest of their catalogue for more examples).
Led Zeppelin's work has a lot of open chords, one of the most well known being Stairway to Heaven; in which the chords are 99% open.
More modern examples might be the music's of - Radiohead(Karma Police is an excellent example), Oasis, Coldplay, David Gray.