# Octave shift context

I'm learning this amazing piece of music from Nikolai Kapustin ... although I already play it well (kind of, at least most of it), I'm still unsure about some parts... so I decided I should ask someone.

In the video, this part plays cca around 3:30 ...

The problematic thing is the 8vb ... the -1 octave shift. I don't know whether the shift applies for the left hand only or for both hands since the right hand is playing in the bass key too.

I can't see which keys Mr Kapustin plays and the sounds are too blended...

My guess is that the keys the 8vb applies to are played like a build up from bottom to the accord played in fortissimo...so it goes like:

• Left hand: A0 + A1
• Right hand: A1 (+ left hand crossing the right hand for C#2)
• Right hand: A2
• Left hand: C#2
• Left hand: F#3
• Fortissimo accord

But I have always thought that 8vb for one hand applies for that hand only. With that logic, it would be played like this.

• Left hand: A0 + A1
• Right hand: A2 (+ left hand almost crossing the right hand)
• Right hand: A3
• Left hand: C#2
• Left hand: F#3
• Fortissimo accord

Which is right? To me, the first one sounds more right (8vb applies to right hand too) but this particular composition already confused me so many times until I understood its tonal relations...

(I just realized I probably numbered the keys wrong, in the picture A0 = most bottom key on claviature)

Think of ottava shifts as of a clef change: where 8vb starts, imagine it's actually a switch into the bass-8 clef, where it ends, the clef switches back to bass (bass-0). Clefs apply to each staff separately, so do ottava shifts.

So your yellow notes are (in order in which they're marked): `<a1 a0> a2 a3 c#2 f#3`. I'm not sure how would I play it, the `c#2` could be easily played by LH with the help of a pedal, to avoid the quick jump `a3 c#2` in RH.

As a side note: It of course doesn't matter which hand plays it; it only matters on which staff it's written.

• Wow, this is even better than my solution with hand crossing. With LH playing C#2 and RH playing F#3 I don't need to jump my hands too long distances and I can play the fortissimo accord with no rush... thank you! :) Feb 5 '15 at 17:39
• @Motig Indeed it is, as long as you don't mind your 16th being dampered by the pedal. If you have a sostuendo (middle) pedal, you can use that one, but it takes some good timing.
– yo'
Feb 6 '15 at 10:24

My bet is on the 8vb only applying to the left hand. The A1 in the left hand is supposed to be held, and if the right hand would then play another A1, this would disrupt the holding of the left hand A1. While this kind of disruption for voice-leading purposes is not rare in piano music, in this instance it would cause an imbalance in the decay of the left-hand A1 with the left-hand A0 which does not get a similar "refresh".

But even without such a hint I'd lean towards letting the 8vb only apply per-staff. There is no point in not writing another 8vb when required for the right hand as well.