I have a Focusrite Scarlett 2i2 audio interface and a Yamaha MG16/6FX mixer and I am considering to use the Scarlett 2i2 as an interface to a condenser microphone (to be recorded using the USB out).

My question is, how should I connect the output from the audio interface to my mixer?

The Scarlett 2i2 has a stereo L/R balanced TRS jack.

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    The scarlett has TRS outputs and your mixer has TRS inputs, so just connect one of the outputs of the interface to one of the inputs of the mixer. Or am I missing something here? Is there something impeding you from doing it that way? – Jamm Apr 17 '15 at 6:27
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    And... what are you actually trying to do with the mixer? There's little point in using the Focusrite unless you're recording onto the computer it's attached to, and if you're doing that, the use to which you're putting the mixer isn't obvious... – topo morto Apr 17 '15 at 9:03
  • @topo morto: I'm only recording the microphone channel to a computer (using usb), hence the focusrite. What I intend to do is to take the output from focusrite to the mixer, to be mixed with other instruments etc and eventually goes out to a PA speakers. – ryanprayogo Apr 17 '15 at 13:51
  • So you'll be playing the voice back from the computer through the focusrite... where will the other instruments be coming from? Will people be playing them live? Or are they coming from another source that's synced to the computer somehow? – topo morto Apr 17 '15 at 13:56
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    I'd suggest doing this the other way around, if at all possible: Plug the mic directly into the mixing board, and send it through a monitor or aux channel out to the interface. If you're doing live audio, it's better to take the audio off the board than to stick an extra peice in between that could fail or degrade audio quality, or introduce a delay. – Greg Jackson Apr 17 '15 at 17:22

You have a bunch of choices if you want to record the one Mic while playing live with others over the mixer.

1) Mic to Scarlett, Line out to Mixer: plug the Mic via XLR in the Scarlett, gain it there (with the high-quality preamp). Important: activate the Direct Monitor switch which sends the gained input with nearly no latency to the outputs. This is important because you don't want latency when playing live with your other band members because if there is some latency, you will get sloppy. Then take the normal Scarlett's line out to one of your mixers channel line in (you can/should use a TRS jack here for symmetric transmission). You will then receive the line signal at the mixer and can mix it as you normally would. Probably, you won't need much gain at the mixer (if at all).

Pros: You use the high quality preamp to record your Mic.

Cons: If the scarlett crashes at some time when playing live, your signal won't reach the mixer and you won't be heard over the PA.

2) Mic to Mixer, monitor out to Scarlett: plug the Mic directly via XLR into one channel at the mixer. Gain it with the mixers gain and route it to one monitor output with the Aux1/Aux2 knobs. You should probably take the Aux1 (Pre) if possible to make the monitor send independable from the fader position. You will then receive the signal again at the desired Aux Output at the back. Then take this output and connect it to your Scarlett input (again, via TRS for symmetric transmission). You won't need to gain much (if at least) at the scarlett. You can then record the signal the normal way with your computer and have no need to worry about latency or failure of the Scarlett/computer (regarding the live playing).

Pros: If the scarlett crashes, you will hear no difference over the PA.

Cons: You are gaining with a lower-quality preamp.

3) Use the mixer's Insert I/O's: connect your mic directly to one of your mixer channels XLR input, gain it with the mixer. Now take a Y-cable (also known as input-cable which is: TRS/stereo jack at one end, two mono jacks at the other end) and put the stereo jack in the channel's Insert IO. You will then have your gained signal at the red (tip at the TRS) cable/jack and have to give it back with the white (ring at the TRS) cable/jack to the mixer. Now take a half-normalled patchbay and connect the red cable (Insert out) to the top plug on the patchbay's back, connect the white cable (Insert in) to the bottom plug on the patchbay's back. At this point, your signal will simply be routed this way: Mic->Preamp(Gain)->Insert out->Patchbay->Insert in->eq (normal mixer chain)... But you will now have your gained signal once again (some kind of doubled) at the front top jack on the patchbay. Not connect a (important:) mono cable to the front top jack on the patchbay and connect it to your scarlett's input. You can then record it with your computer the normal way.

Pros: Easily customizable setup, you can leave everything set up and just need to plug in the cable between the Scarlett and the Patchbay if you want to record. Also, you won't block one monitor our (aux) just for recording. Again, if your Scarlett fails, this won't interrupt your live playing.

Cons: You are using the low-quality preamp of your mixer, you are transmitting the signal from the mixer (and patchbay) to your Scarlett non-symmetric which is bad when you use long cables or have interferences and should normally be avoided.

  • i think that everyone meant mixer out into the scarlett 2i2 instrument inputs stereo... right??? thats how im planning on recording my friends drum kit... – user23430 Sep 8 '15 at 4:40
  • Please explain this a bit more @mike, to which choice do you refer? What do you want to do? – sceee Sep 9 '15 at 9:49

For better or worse, usually the mic preamps of a mixer beat that of a recording interface. It also helps that they don't have to generate phantom power with step-up DC-DC converters.

So it usually is better to put the mic in the preamp and then use a direct recording output from the mixer (or the best approximation thereof) into the line-in of the recording interface. The results even for recording might be better that way.

If you really want to use the preamps of the recording interface, you'll use the balanced line-out of the recording interface into a balanced line-in of the mixer.

protected by Community Feb 20 '17 at 16:51

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