I don't play (bass) guitar, nor do I have a desire to. However, this question has been bugging me for quite some time now, as I have yet found the answer myself by viewing guitarists playing, mostly electric, (bass) guitars:
How do they typically stop a note from sustaining?
To sustain a note, I presume one simply lets the string vibrate (while keeping a finger on the fret, if applicable). If one wants to stop a note, I would assume you want to stop the string from vibrating. However, even after carefully observing, I never seem to see guitarists stop strings vibrating with the hand that picks (either with or without a plectrum) the strings.
So, how is this typically done? (And are the above assumptions correct?)