For example, "c. 108". I need to practice and I have absolutely no idea what it means!

  • 5
    My guess would be "circa" ("approximately").
    – user28
    Apr 10, 2016 at 1:15

1 Answer 1


The c. stands for circa which means about or approximately. You may also see it as ca. Pretty much it means means that you should play the piece around a tempo of 108 bpm. You could play it a little faster or slower the 108 it just to get you in the range of where the composer would want you to play it.

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