I did not find Taktglieder in any of my German musical references, so I have resort to native language knowledge and some assumptions:
- Takt (measure) is a sort of time unit.
- Taktteile (parts of measure) is a fragment of that unit
- Taktglieder (members of measure) are the notes, which populate the [partial] time unit. These meaning of members as denoting the active participants is shared in different uses as group members, committee members etc.
Measure is a sort of a blurry term, since musicians tend not to distinguish exactly as in
The third measure is really awkward to play
which does not refer to the time unit, but obviously to its contents.
So in laudable tradition the author defines exact terms first (the foreign language makes things easier, since collisions with ones own notion are less likely) and hopefully uses them consistently afterwards.
Does that match the use of terms in your book?