I have played classical guitar for many years, but my training has been all about playing pieces, and no improvisation was included; everything just technical, and I am in a very good state in it. Recently I have started to play electric guitar and am trying to learn to improvise. Man it has been a tough path! I have learned pentatonic scales, the patterns, have learned many of the basic chords, and I have grasped the fundamentals of scales over chord progressions, but when I play a chord progression and start to play with it, I can only play very simple and boring stuff. I can't make any nice phrases. What do I lack? What should I learn next? Thanks.

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    It sounds like you're ultimately struggling just with the concept of composition. Learning to improvise is basically learning to compose on the fly. Do you have any experience with composition? Oct 4, 2016 at 20:15
  • Yes, several times, but again very classical, writing some motifs, variations, and adding harmony/counterpoint. It seems at least very different from what people like Eric Clapton do. Or David Gilmour, Or Jimmy Page, many others. Although Gilmour is different with Page or Clapton in many aspects, they all seem similar when compared for example with J.S.Bach. To me the way a musician from baroque, classical or romantic periods saw the process of composition, was different from all the people after jazz. I think I understand those previous ones, but not these modern ones! Oct 4, 2016 at 20:25
  • What kind of music do you want to make? Oct 4, 2016 at 21:11
  • I guess it can be summarized in Rock! But I love blues too. Oct 5, 2016 at 15:12

2 Answers 2


If you haven't already, I would start by learning the 7 modes on guitar. Ionian, dorian, etc. They can be found here.

This is where I started and I'm by no means an expert at improvising, but once I further understood when to use which mode when soloing over certain keys it definitely helped my ability to improvise on the spot.

This next part is going to require a basic understanding of music theory. Modes can be kind of confusing at first, because in any given key (for example C), all the modes play the same notes but just start and end on different notes. Ie D Dorian would be played D,E,F,G,A,B,C,D. The usefulness of this is best shown when soloing/improvising over certain chords. For example, if you are improvising over a C chord and you're playing C Ionian (which is just C Major) you're going to notice certain notes sound weak, certain notes sound strong and certain notes a little tense. This is because of the notes within the C chord clashing with the soloed notes. Ie the E in the C chord does not play nice with F when soloing, and D may sound tense. Practicing this will show you much more than me telling you. However, if you're playing over a G chord, and you're playing G mixolydian, different notes are going to feel tense, strong or weak. Now the F that we were playing over C Ionian that sounded kind of weak, sounds great when playing over a G chord. The quality of the notes change as you change the chord you're improvising over.

In an attempt to summarize that paragraph, modes will help you understand the relationship between the notes you're soloing and the chords you're playing over.

Another tip that may help:

I've always found that I always want to go back to my "default" solo scales and riffs. Forcing yourself to break out of this by using a different scale, mode, etc or changing the timing I found helped with improvisation.

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    Not sure if that's a typo or a misunderstanding but the Dorian scale that you showed would actually be called D Dorian, which consists of all of the same notes as C Ionian/Major. The next reference to this is when you refer to C Mixolydian, where I believe you would want to say G Mixolydian, which consists of all of the same notes as C Ionian/Major. Oct 4, 2016 at 19:34
  • Yes, C Dorian is actually the Dorian of Bb. The mode you mean is called D Dorian, with the notes from the C maj. scale. Confusing, but important. Imagine discussing what to play with another player - the two involve different keys and won't work well together.
    – Tim
    Oct 4, 2016 at 19:41
  • @Basstickler Yes agreed. Definitely a mis understanding that I never knew I had. Thanks. I'll edit the question.
    – Jeremy W
    Oct 4, 2016 at 19:44
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    @JeremyW Thank you very muh for your detailed answer. I think you showed me a very good next step. I would probably mark this as answer, but I will wait a little bit more to get more answers! Thanks again! Oct 4, 2016 at 20:13

I would suggest copying solos or even just phrases from those people that you admire. Each musical genre is its own language. Even if you know the grammar you still need to practice speaking the phrases. Then you can start to deviate from the learned solo or phrases or embellish it or mix and match phrases from different influences.

Also you can try learning different patterns in a scale. Instead of up and down the pattern try up all the way in thirds or fourths or fifths etc. You could even incorporate classical music phrases into improve with a more modern.

Try learning a pattern to really quick chord changes to challenge your theory technique and then try jamming for 20 minutes on a one chord vamp to challenge your melodic sense.

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