If you are new with violin, your tone will be awful. That's not something that rosin can fix (in fact, it will more likely than not worsen it in the amounts you appear to apply) but is due to a lack of technique. Maintaining consistent light pressure throughout the bow length in spite of its weight and the widely varying leverage is hard, and maintaining consistent position between bridge and finger board is hard.
Rosin makes the difference between a correctly played bow slipping without making a sound and it sounding. Beyond that, its helpfulness is moderate at best, and it's also worth making sure that the rosin is comparatively fresh and that you don't have a lot of old dusty residues on strings and bow (which will make the sound scratchier rather than smoother).
This is not chalk.
How does your instrument sound in the hands of an experienced player?