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I had to harmonize a piece in E major with a given melody. The image below shows the end of the piece, with my harmonization. enter image description here Normally, I would write the first beat of the second-to-last bar as B in the bass, B in the tenor, D# in the alto, and F# in the soprano, i.e. the Vth chord of E major.

But, does it make any sense to write the chord depicted in the image, instead of the standard V chord? Does it have a name? To my ear, it sounds like a cadential 6/4 chord, but I think it's not, since it contains F# and not G#. Can I have this form of cadence, or, is this a way to end the piece?

Thank you in advance, and have a happy New Year!

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What you wrote is a perfectly good cadence.

I would describe the E simply as an accented passing-note in the alto between the F# and D#. The Wikipedia definition is

A passing tone (PT) or passing note is a nonchord tone prepared by a chord tone a step above or below it and resolved by continuing in the same direction stepwise to the next chord tone (which is either part of the same chord or of the next chord in the harmonic progression).

It does sound a bit like a 6/4 chord - but there is nothing wrong with writing a harmonic progression which creates a sense of ambiguity for the listener, and then resolves it.

Others may want to call it a suspended 4th chord (even though the E isn't a suspension because it isn't the continuation of an E at the end of bar 1) or a dominant 11th. But if you wrote it because it sounds right, that's more important than giving it a pedantically correct name!

Whether you are "permitted" to do such a thing if you want full marks in an exam is a different issue, of course. "Passing music exams" and "writing music" are not necessarily the same thing!

As a very minor point, it would be more usual to write the F# in the top part as a single dotted-whole-note, not as you did. Most music notation software should be able to handle three "voices" or "layers" with independent rhythms on one stave.

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    I tend to agree - accented passing tone it is. The penultimate bar is really just a decorated dominant seventh. The OP could have easily interpolated a G♯ in the descant above the E to make a second inversion tonic chord, so he is right in that what he has done here is much akin to the second inversion: the skip to a second between the descant and alto is perhaps a bit bolder. – user16935 Dec 31 '16 at 21:38
  • @Patrx2 "The OP could have easily interpolated a G♯ in the descant above the E" - except that he/she was "harmonizing a given melody", not "composing" ;) – user19146 Dec 31 '16 at 23:10
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    Yup, but how easily the G♯ can be fitted in shows how closely akin to I 6/4 - V7 - I the OP's writing is here (which was the point I was trying to make). I was essentially confirming OP's suspicions about that. – user16935 Dec 31 '16 at 23:24
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I think what you want is a note of anticipation in the First beat of that second bar, you are just going about it a little bit wrong. Have your full chord and just go the F sharp on the weak part of the pulse in the manner of a non-chordal note.

Your chord choices are good. You have a Tonic 6/4 going to a Dominant chord with the use of a seventh. Your voice leading just needs to be a little bit better.

This also seems to be a great place to have your Leading Tone note drop by a third. It looks like that will improve the voices tremendously. Remember that in a cadence at the end of a piece the Leading Tone note can drop by a third as long as it features in the Alt or Tenor voices (Not in the outer voices.)

So rather this.

enter image description here

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Shall we call this an 'unprepared suspension'? Or an 'accented passing note'? It gives a satisfing alto line, which is probably more important than vertical analysis. Plenty in common with a cadential 6/4 indeed.

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