Escala's Clubbed to Death seems to be a passacaglia. It has a repetitive line throughout, over which counterpoint is added. In fact, it sounds similar to Biber's Harmonia artificiosa-ariosa: Partita No. 5 in G Minor: V. Passacaglia.
Wow, nice find!
"Clubbed to Death" actually begins with the opening to Elgar's Enigma Variations, at which point Escala takes a part of that opening bassline and uses it to construct the form.
The definitions for "passacaglia" and "chaconne" are really a little bit vague, but there are some typical aspects of each. The passacaglia, for instance, is often in 3 (like the Biber example you showed).
But both the passacaglia and chaconne are examples of what we call a "ground bass," so I think it would be safer to just call it that.