How does this drop 3 voicing work?

My understanding is that 'drop voicing's are the process of taking the nth highest note and dropping it an octave.

e.g. drop 2 for `1,3,5,7` is just `5,1,3,7`

Now, with this understanding: I've seen a voicing of `1,7,3,5` and it was labelled as being a "drop 3 major 7th in root position"...

But I didn't understand how they reached that conclusion.

I understand it's root because the 1st degree is played in the bass/lowest position, but I'm not sure how the name of drop 3 in root position was calculated.

If I play a close voiced Gmaj7 on the guitar, the steps to reach that chord shape would be to drop the root (we're still effectively in a `1,3,5,7` voicing at this point, although it's no longer "close" but "open" due to the spanning of multiple octaves), and then drop the 7th degree note `F♯` down an octave.

Side Question

Does the close/open ordering of the notes above the new bass change the naming of the voicing?

e.g. is `5,1,3,7` the same as `5,3,1,7` or would we start delving into other inversions (and drop voicings for those inversions)?

Thanks.

I'm not sure what you mean by 'to the back' or what your numbers mean. Guitar-specific stuff? But drop voicing is when one or more notes in a chord are taken out of close position and played an octave lower.

Note that 'Drop 3' refers to the third note from the top, not the third of the chord. My example below is a 'Drop 2' (second note from the top) not a 'Drop 5' (5th of the chord).

• The numbers are the number of each note in the scale/chord. C=1, E=3, G=5, B=7. Music specific!
– Tim
Commented Mar 4, 2017 at 17:10
• Thanks Laurence for the reply, I've updated and reworded the question to hopefully be more specific and clearer Commented Mar 5, 2017 at 9:33

If you build a drop-3 voicing from a chord in root position, you end up with a chord in first inversion. This is because to build a drop-3 voicing you take a close voicing and lower the third-highest note by an octave, making that note (which is the 3rd of the chord) the lowest note of the chord. To understand why the voicing in question is a drop-3 voicing we need to consider the inversions of drop-3 voicings.

Let's build a drop-3 voicing on the guitar, but let's do it for CMaj7 instead for reasons that will become apparent.

``````%X/X.15/4.14/3.12/1.12/1.X/X[CMaj7]
``````

Now to construct a drop-3 voicing, lower the third note from the top by one octave:

``````%12/2.15/4.X/X.12/1.12/1.X/X[CMaj7]
``````

This turns out to be an awkward way to finger this chord (for example, try converting this CMaj7 to a C7). Let's move the C on the 5th string to 4th string; this is the same set of notes, only a different fingering:

``````%12/2.X/X.10/1.12/3.12/4.X/X[CMaj7]
``````

This is a drop-3 voicing for a CMaj7, but since we placed the E in the bass, it is in first inversion. The spelling is E C G B, and we can find the other inversions of this voicing on the neck by moving each note along its string to the nearest neighbor in the chord. To find the root-position voicing, move the E down to C, the C down to B, the G down to E, and the B down to G:

``````%8/1.X/X.9/3.9/4.8/2.X/X[CMaj7]
``````

This is a root-position CMaj7 with a drop-3 voicing, and the same voicing used in the GMaj7 from the question. The third inversion can be found by sliding along the strings again, C down to B, B down to G, E down to C, and G down to E:

``````%7/3.X/X.5/1.5/1.5/1.X/X[CMaj7]
``````

This is a drop-3 voicing of CMaj7 in third inversion. Sliding down again, B to G, G to E, C to B, and E to C:

``````%3/3.X/X.2/2.4/4.1/1.X/X[CMaj7]
``````

This is a drop-3 voicing of CMaj7 in second inversion. And those are all of the fingerings for the inversions of drop-3 voicings of Maj7 chords on the 6-4-3-2 string set.

Another way to think about this would be to start with a close-voiced Maj7 chord in third inversion. This is all but unplayable on a guitar in standard tuning, but it can be played using an open string for AMaj7; that would be spelled G# A C# E:

``````%X/X.X/X.6/4.2/1.2/1.0/0[AMaj7]
``````

Drop the third note from the top, which is the A, an octave to get a drop-3 voicing:

``````%5/3.X/X.6/4.X/X.2/1.0/0[AMaj7]
``````

This is another awkward fingering. Keeping the notes the same, but rearranging the fingering gives the classic root-position drop-3 voicing for a Maj7 chord:

``````%5/1.X/X.6/3.6/4.5/2.X/X[AMaj7]
``````