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What is the difference between pitch and volume both in sound form and in notation?

Here are some definitions:

closed as unclear what you're asking by Tim, Todd Wilcox, Richard, ttw, Tetsujin Apr 27 '17 at 5:39

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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it's primarily a word definition, not necessarily related to music practice or theory. – ttw Apr 27 '17 at 3:39
  • Completely off topic here, as it is simply a word definition question answered by reading any dictionary. – Doktor Mayhem Apr 27 '17 at 6:55
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Pitch:

the degree of highness or lowness of a tone.

Pitch is related to the physical concept of frequency. Faster frequencies sound higher, and we say they have a higher pitch.

Pitch is notated using the position of the noteheads on a staff. Higher position indicates a higher pitch. The specific pitch is encoded in the position of the note, the clef, and the key signature.

Volume:

quantity or power of sound; degree of loudness.

Volume is related to the physical concept of amplitude. Larger amplitude sound louder, and we say they have a higher volume (or just that they are louder).

Volume is notated much less precisely than pitch. We use dynamic markings to suggest appropriate volumes. The key thing here is that dynamics are relative. There is no symbol to ask a performer to play at 58 dBA. This would be impractical. Instead, we suggest whether the piece is loud (forte), soft (piano), somewhere in between (mezzo forte, mezzo piano), or somewhere extreme (pianissimo, fortissimo, etc).

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