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This might be a very stupid question, I come from a programmer background, I'm trying to develop a very simple music production app - I am wondering what is the terminology that you use for every single loop in a song? for example, you say

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

then

2-2,3,4,5,6,7,8

then

3-2,3,4,5,6,7,8

Do you say each interval? loop? every 8 beats?

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    Bar is possibly the term you seek. Before making any apps that are music related, you really need research, research, research. Please. – Tim Apr 29 '17 at 19:58
  • There are plenty of good, free, apps available already - Google is your friend (or see techradar.com/news/the-best-free-music-making-software if googling seems like too much hard work). Get some, and learn what they do and how they work! If you know nothing about music, why would any musician want to use your software - let alone pay to use it? – user19146 Apr 29 '17 at 20:18
  • Welcome to Music Stack Exchange. The site welcomes well phrased and focused answers and questions. Yours seems to fit the bill. Again, welcome. – L3B Apr 29 '17 at 22:13
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I think the term you are searching for is 'phrase.' Quite often theorists speak in terms of a repeating pattern of numbers of beats using that term. (Although I must admit that very few phrases have only eight beats per phrase. But perhaps the counting you are doing is for longer periods of time than what are called beats. Many pieces in 4/4 time, for example, usually have 16 beats per phrase.)

On the other hand, if the piece you are thinking about has eight beats per measure, then the pattern you are describing would be counting out 'bars' (in England) or 'measures' (in the US).

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A beat is a singularly felt pulse. You're probably used to feeling 4 of these beats per measure (a.k.a. bar). So if you tap your foot along to most popular music you'll probably do it 4 times per measure. Though 4 beats per measure is common, other numbers are possible and are determined by the time signature.

As for your 8 beats, I suspect that you're familiar with using some kind of grid-based sequencer where you click to activate a drum sample or something? If so, those 8 beats are usually subdivisions of the 4 foot taps I just mentioned. So each of the 4 beats gets 2 subdivisions which are called eighth notes. In the context of these sequencers one measure (or one grid) is sometimes called a "pattern". That's specific to these grid-based sequencers though.

Or maybe you meant repeating groups of measures in which case there isn't really a standard term. You might see "section", "repeat", "phrase", etc or song structure terms like "verse", "chorus", "intro", "bridge" etc.

Definitely don't use "interval" for anything like this because that's used for something completely different—the distance between pitches. And as others have stated in the comments, you might want to brush up a bit if this app is for public distribution (and not just for learning or programming practice).

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