What are some alternatives to the 10-vol. Suzuki Violin School series suited for self-taught adult beginners with a solid musical background?
As I understand it, the Suzuki method is designed to train young children by a system of imitation. Not at all appropriate for a musically literate adult.
I'm not going to recommend a book. There are just too many ways to learn violin wrong. Take at least SOME lessons. The teacher will then recommend material.
Essential Elements - Violin and the O'Conner violin method are good alternatives by my estimation. I was 'self taught' for my first few years of violin with very little musical background before. At the time I didn't try anything but Suzuki but I as I got more advanced and tried different instruments and teachers I got did a bit from both mentioned above. They all have different philosophies and motivations but at the end of each you'll be able to hold the violin and play a few pieces. You might even be able to play a song or two that you hear on the radio by ear.
Side note I wish the string community would calm down a bit. People have to work with what they have. Nobody ever accidentally nuked an allied state while self-learning violin. If a guy wants to try something out and asks for a book recommendation just give him a book recommendation. Violin playing isn't brain surgery; It is for the majority of players a fun little pastime. No need to be all preachy to people who just want to step in for a little fun.
As Karen said, this is better for you to get a teacher and start with him/her. But If you cannot do this, there are many useful resources on the internet such as
youtube clips, some pdf books, etc. Also you can start with
Le violin books along with
Hrimaly scale studies and