for example if i start to play in F Lydian , what the last note should i landed to finish the melody in the chord changes ? is it the 1st , 5th , or any other suggestion ?

  • Possible duplicate of What are modes and how are they useful? – Stinkfoot Sep 13 '17 at 9:45
  • Are you asking about modal improvisation, or voice leading and creating smooth, flowing lines in improvisation? They are two different topics and not really connected. Perhaps edit your title and clarify your question. – Stinkfoot Sep 13 '17 at 11:51

Context is everything, but in the most general sense, phrases need to start and end on chord tones (omitting for now appogiaturas, etc.). Beginning or ending on the root will provide the most definitive relation to the harmony, with the fifth playing a similar role, but both are less interesting in that they indicate a sense of finality.

Beginning or ending on the third or the seventh makes a less defined statement, open to more interpretation as to what might happen next.

If you're playing jazz, things are a bit freer, because chord extensions (9, 11, 13) are also (potential) chord tones, and are even more ambiguous than the third and seventh.

And then there's always the notion of chromatic or diatonic appogiaturas, anticipations, etc.

So after all this there are no real rules for playing, but following the above will give you a good start for practicing.

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  • Won't appoggiaturas end on the key note, if that's where they are anyway? – Tim Sep 13 '17 at 6:53

use legato technique and try to take an deviation of notes,try to catch the first note of the new chord in the song to start improvising.

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  • 1
    What does legato have to do with the question of how to improvise using modes? – ex nihilo Sep 13 '17 at 9:42
  • @DavidBowling - I think the confusion in this answer is related to the confusion in the question - see my comment up there. – Stinkfoot Sep 13 '17 at 10:29

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